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Puducherry at a Glance: Window of French Culture in India

Puducherry, formerly known as Pondicherry literally New Town in Tamil is a Union Territory of India. It was formed out of four exclaves of former French India namely Puducherry, Karaikal, Yanam and Mahe. It is named after the largest district Puducherry. Historically known as Pondicherry, the territory changed its official name to Puducherry (Putuccēri) on 20 September 2006.
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Puducherry, formerly known as Pondicherry literally New Town in Tamil is a Union Territory of India. It was formed out of four exclaves of former French India namely Puducherry, Karaikal, Yanam and Mahe. It is named after the largest district Puducherry. Historically known as Pondicherry (the territory changed its official name to Puducherry (Putuccēri) on 20 September 2006.

Historical Background:

The territory of (Puducherry) comprises the former French establishment Puducherry, Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam, which lie scattered in South India. Puducherry, the capital of the territory was once the original headquarters of the French in India. It was under the French rule for 138 years and merged with the Indian Union on 1st November 1954. It is bounded on the east by the Bay of Bengal and on the three sides by Tamil Nadu. About 150 kms south of Puducherry on the East Coast lays Karaikal. It can be reached from Calicut Airport, which is 70 km from Mahe. Yanam is situated adjoining the East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh and is about 200 kms from Visakhapatnam airport.

Jagranjosh

Source: post.jagran.com

Facts about Puducherry:

Area

479 sq km

Establishment

1st November 1966

Population

1,244,464 (2011 census)

Principal official Language

Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu, English and French

Capital 

Puducherry

Members of Parliament

Lok Sabha-1 Rajya Sabha-1

Legislature

Unicameral (30 seats)

Airports

Nearest Chennai

Major Cities

Puducherry, Karaikal,Yanam, Mahe

Festivals

Mascarade (Mask festival), Masimagam, eve of French Bastlle Day

Economy  Size

US$ 4.125 billion (2014-15),

Industries: Textile, Computer, Hardware, Electronics, Plastic, Bicycle Parts, Alcohol, Electrical Appliances, Automobile Parts, Soap, Rice, Bran Oil, Cotton Yarn, Sugar Glazed Tiles

Agriculture Products: Rice, Pulses, Coconuts, Arecanut, Condiments Groundnut, Chilies etc.

Literacy

86.55%

Districts

4

Sex Ratio (as per 2011 census)

1038/Thousand male

Density

2,598 person/ km2

Principal Dances

Podokazhi, Attam

Principal Rivers

Gingee, Mahe

Tourist/Historical Places

French War Memorial, Botanical Garden, Aurobindo Ashram, Bharati And Bharatidarshan Square, Auroville, Lighthouse, Roman Rolland, Library, Varadaraja Perumal Temple, Sri  Vedapureeswarar Temple

Religion

Hinduism, Islam, Christianity

 

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