Punjab at a Glance: The Granary of India

Punjab, located in the north west of India, is one of the most prosperous states of India.The word Punjab is derived from the Persian words Panj (five) and Āb (waters), thus Panjāb means Five Rivers, which roughly means Land of Five Rivers such as Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum. Punjab, a state bordering Pakistan, is the heart of India’s Sikh community. Its city of Amritsar, founded in 1577 by Sikh guru Ram Das, is the site of Harmandir Sahib, the holiest Gurdwara (Sikh Temple). It is called the granary of India because of huge production of food grains.
Created On: Jan 15, 2016 10:44 IST
Modified On: Jan 15, 2016 10:50 IST

Punjab, located in the north west of India, is one of the most prosperous states of India. The word Punjab is derived from the Persian words panj ("five") and Āb ("waters"), thus Panjāb means "Five Rivers", which roughly means "Land of Five Rivers" such as Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum. Punjab, a state bordering Pakistan, is the heart of India’s Sikh community. Its city of Amritsar, founded in 1577 by Sikh guru Ram Das, is the site of Harmandir Sahib, the holiest Gurdwara (Sikh temple). It is called the granary of India because of huge production of food crops.

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                                                               Source: en.wikipedia.org

Facts about Punjab:

Area

50,362 km2

Population

​​ 2.77 cr (Census 2011)

Establishment

15 August 1947

Language

Punjabi

Neighbouring states

Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan

Capital 

Chandigarh

Members of  Parliament

Lok Sabha=13 , Rajya Sabha=7

Legislature

Unicameral, State Assembly Seats=117

Major Cities

 

Ludhiana, Amritsar, Chandigarh, Patiala, Bhatinda, Moga, Pathankot, Firozpur,

Rivers

Beas, Sutlej, Ravi

Economy  Size

US$ 62.145 billion, Its 84% of land id under cultivation. It’s second largest producer of wheat in the country after U.P.

Literacy

76.68 %

Districts

22

Sex Ratio (as per 2011 census)

893/Thousand Male

Density

550 persons/km2

Principal Dances

Bhangra, Gidda and Thumar.

Fair and Festivals

Kila Raipur Sports Festival (Known as the Rural Olympics),Holla Mohalla,Pinjore Heritage Festival,Lohri,Basant Panchami,

Gurupurabs, Dussehra, Diwali,Holi,Chappar Mela, Shahdid Jor Mela (Sirhind)

Industries

 

 

Sewing Machine, Cycles, Engineering Goods, Hosiery And Knitwear, Sports Goods

Principal Crops

Wheat, Rice, Maize, Bajra, Oilseeds,Sugarcane, Potato,Cotton, Pulses, Tobocco and poppy

Principal Minerals

Saltpetre, Bauxite,Bentonite,Dolomite,Chalk,Gypsum,Iron Ore,Rock Salt

Religion

Sikh 57.69%

 

Hindu 38.5%

 

Christianity (1.3%)

 

Buddhist (0.12%)

 

Jainis (0.16%).

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