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Punjab at a Glance: The Granary of India

Jan 15, 2016 10:44 IST

    Punjab, located in the north west of India, is one of the most prosperous states of India. The word Punjab is derived from the Persian words panj ("five") and Āb ("waters"), thus Panjāb means "Five Rivers", which roughly means "Land of Five Rivers" such as Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum. Punjab, a state bordering Pakistan, is the heart of India’s Sikh community. Its city of Amritsar, founded in 1577 by Sikh guru Ram Das, is the site of Harmandir Sahib, the holiest Gurdwara (Sikh temple). It is called the granary of India because of huge production of food crops.


                                                                   Source: en.wikipedia.org

    Facts about Punjab:


    50,362 km2


    2.77 cr (Census 2011)


    15 August 1947



    Neighbouring states

    Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan



    Members of  Parliament

    Lok Sabha=13 , Rajya Sabha=7


    Unicameral, State Assembly Seats=117

    Major Cities


    Ludhiana, Amritsar, Chandigarh, Patiala, Bhatinda, Moga, Pathankot, Firozpur,


    Beas, Sutlej, Ravi

    Economy  Size

    US$ 62.145 billion, Its 84% of land id under cultivation. It’s second largest producer of wheat in the country after U.P.


    76.68 %



    Sex Ratio (as per 2011 census)

    893/Thousand Male


    550 persons/km2

    Principal Dances

    Bhangra, Gidda and Thumar.

    Fair and Festivals

    Kila Raipur Sports Festival (Known as the Rural Olympics),Holla Mohalla,Pinjore Heritage Festival,Lohri,Basant Panchami,

    Gurupurabs, Dussehra, Diwali,Holi,Chappar Mela, Shahdid Jor Mela (Sirhind)




    Sewing Machine, Cycles, Engineering Goods, Hosiery And Knitwear, Sports Goods

    Principal Crops

    Wheat, Rice, Maize, Bajra, Oilseeds,Sugarcane, Potato,Cotton, Pulses, Tobocco and poppy

    Principal Minerals

    Saltpetre, Bauxite,Bentonite,Dolomite,Chalk,Gypsum,Iron Ore,Rock Salt


    Sikh 57.69%


    Hindu 38.5%


    Christianity (1.3%)


    Buddhist (0.12%)


    Jainis (0.16%).

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