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Punjab at a Glance: The Granary of India

15-JAN-2016 10:44

    Punjab, located in the north west of India, is one of the most prosperous states of India. The word Punjab is derived from the Persian words panj ("five") and Āb ("waters"), thus Panjāb means "Five Rivers", which roughly means "Land of Five Rivers" such as Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum. Punjab, a state bordering Pakistan, is the heart of India’s Sikh community. Its city of Amritsar, founded in 1577 by Sikh guru Ram Das, is the site of Harmandir Sahib, the holiest Gurdwara (Sikh temple). It is called the granary of India because of huge production of food crops.

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                                                                   Source: en.wikipedia.org

    Facts about Punjab:

    Area

    50,362 km2

    Population

    2.77 cr (Census 2011)

    Establishment

    15 August 1947

    Language

    Punjabi

    Neighbouring states

    Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan

    Capital 

    Chandigarh

    Members of  Parliament

    Lok Sabha=13 , Rajya Sabha=7

    Legislature

    Unicameral, State Assembly Seats=117

    Major Cities

     

    Ludhiana, Amritsar, Chandigarh, Patiala, Bhatinda, Moga, Pathankot, Firozpur,

    Rivers

    Beas, Sutlej, Ravi

    Economy  Size

    US$ 62.145 billion, Its 84% of land id under cultivation. It’s second largest producer of wheat in the country after U.P.

    Literacy

    76.68 %

    Districts

    22

    Sex Ratio (as per 2011 census)

    893/Thousand Male

    Density

    550 persons/km2

    Principal Dances

    Bhangra, Gidda and Thumar.

    Fair and Festivals

    Kila Raipur Sports Festival (Known as the Rural Olympics),Holla Mohalla,Pinjore Heritage Festival,Lohri,Basant Panchami,

    Gurupurabs, Dussehra, Diwali,Holi,Chappar Mela, Shahdid Jor Mela (Sirhind)

    Industries

     

     

    Sewing Machine, Cycles, Engineering Goods, Hosiery And Knitwear, Sports Goods

    Principal Crops

    Wheat, Rice, Maize, Bajra, Oilseeds,Sugarcane, Potato,Cotton, Pulses, Tobocco and poppy

    Principal Minerals

    Saltpetre, Bauxite,Bentonite,Dolomite,Chalk,Gypsum,Iron Ore,Rock Salt

    Religion

    Sikh 57.69%

     

    Hindu 38.5%

     

    Christianity (1.3%)

     

    Buddhist (0.12%)

     

    Jainis (0.16%).

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