Rabindranath Tagore Biography: Early Life, Education, Works and Achievements

Rabindranath Tagore was a great scholar, novelist, essayist, song composer and playright. Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti marks the birthday of famous writer Rabindranath Tagore. He was born on 7 May, 1861 in a rich Brahmin family in Kolkata (Calcutta) and was the youngest sibling in his family. Let us see more about Rabindranath Tagore, his early life, childhood days, works, family, awards and achievements through this article.
May 9, 2019 11:00 IST
    Rabindranath Tagore Biography

    The birth anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore is observed on 7 May according to the Gregorian calendar but according to the Bengali calendar, he was born on the 25th day of Boishakh month, in 1422. So, in West Bengal His birthday as per the bengali calendar is celebrated either on 8 May or 9 May. Rabindranath Tagore birth anniversary is also known as Pochise Boishakh.

    Born: 7 May, 1861
    Place of Birth: Calcutta, British India
    Pen name: Bhanu Singha Thakur (Bhonita)
    Father: Debendranath Tagore
    Mother: Sarada Devi
    Spouse: Mrinalini Devi
    Children: Renuka Tagore, Shamindranath Tagore, Meera Tagore, Rathindranath Tagore and Madhurilata Tagore
    Died: 7 August, 1941
    Place of Death: Calcutta, British India
    Profession: Writer, song composer, playwright, essayist, painter
    Language: Bengali, English
    Award: Nobel Prize in Literature (1913)

    Let us tell you that Rabindranath Tagore was a multi-talented personality with great desire to learn new things. His contributions to the literature, music and his several works are unforgettable. People not only in West Bengal but also in whole India remember him and his contributions on his birth anniversary. Even in 1913, he was awarded the most prestigious Nobel Prize for his great contribution to the Indian literature. Do you know that he was the first person from Asia to receive this award? We can't forget that he is the person who had composed the National Anthem of India.

    Rabindranath Tagore: Early life and Childhood Days

    He was born on 7 May, 1861 to Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi in the Jorasanko mansion which is the ancestral home of the Tagore family in Kolkata (Calcutta). Among his siblings, he was the youngest. He lost his mother when he was very young, his father was a traveller and so, he was mostly raised by his servants and maids. At a very young age, he was the part of the Bengal renaissance and his family also took active participation in it. At the age of 8, he started writing poems and by the age of sixteen he also started composing art works and started publishing his poems under the pseudonym Bhanusimha. In 1877 he wrote short story 'Bhikharini' and in 1882 the collection of poems 'Sandhya Sangit'.

    He was influenced by the classical poetry of Kalidasa and started writing his own classical poems. His sister Swarnakumari was a well-known novelist. In 1873, he toured with his father for several months and gained knowledge on several subjects. He learned Sikhism when he stayed at Amritsar and pen down around six poems and many articles on the religion.

    Shankaracharya Jayanti 2019: Birth Anniversary

    Rabindranath Tagore: Education
    His traditional education began in Brighton, East Sussex, England, at a public school. In 1878, he went to England to become a barrister to fulfil his father's wish. He was not much interested in school learning and later also he joined University College in London to learn law but he dropped this and learned various works of Shakespeare on his own. He also learned the essence of English, Irish and Scottish literature and music; he returned to India and married Mrinalini Devi.

    Rabindranath Tagore: Established Shantiniketan

    Jagranjosh
    Source: www.thebetterindia.com
    His father bought a huge land for meditation and named it as Shantiniketan. Debendranath Tagore founded an 'Ashram' in 1863. In 1901, Rabindranath Tagore established an open air school. It was a prayer hall with marble flooring and was named as 'The Mandir'. It was also named 'Patha Bhavana' and started with only five students. Classes here were held under trees and followed traditional Guru-Shishya method of teaching. This trend of teaching revival the ancient method of teaching which proved beneficial when compared with modernised method. Unfortunately, his wife and two children died and he left alone. At that time he was very disturbed. At the mean time, his works started growing and became more popular amongst the Bengali as well as foreign readers. In 1913, he gained recognition and was awarded the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature and became Asia's first Nobel Laureate. Now, Shantiniketan is a famous University town in West Bengal.

    Let us tell you that Rabindranath Tagore envisioned a centre of learning which would have the best of both the east and the west. He established the Visva Bharati University in West Bengal. It consists of two campuses one at Shantiniketan and the other at Sriniketan. Sriniketan focuses on agriculture, adult education, village, cottage industries and handicrafts.

    Rabindranath Tagore: Literary Works

    Japajog: Published in 1929, His novel is a compelling take on marital rape.

    Nastanirh: Published in 1901. This novel is about relationships and love, both requited and unrequited.

    Ghare Baire: Published in 1916. It is a story about a married woman constricted in her household trying to find her own identity.

    Gora: In 1880s, it is an expansive, exhaustive and extremely relevant novel which deals with several themes like religion, gender, feminism and also tradition against modernity.

    Chokher Bali: In 1903, a novel which consists of various facets of relationships.

    His short stories are Bhikarini, Kabuliwala, Kshudita Pashan, Atottju, Haimanti and Musalmanir Golpo etc.

    Poems are Balaka, Purobi, Sonar Tori and Gitanjali.

    No doubt he has changed the dimensions of Bengali literature as it was earlier viewed. Many countries have even erected his statues to pay tribute to the legendary writer. Around five museums are dedicated to Tagore out of which three are situated in India and remaining two in Bangladesh.

    He spent his last years in severe pain and even in 1937, he went into a comatose condition. After lot of suffering, he died on 7 August, 1941 in the Jorasanko mansion in which he was brought up.omatose condition. After lot of suffering, he died on 7 August, 1941 in the Jorasanko mansion in which he was brought up.

    Sant Surdas Jayanti 2019: Birth Anniversary

    Mahatma Gandhi Biography: Family,History, Movements and Facts


    Loading...

    Register to get FREE updates

      All Fields Mandatory
    • (Ex:9123456789)
    • Please Select Your Interest
    • Please specify

    • ajax-loader
    • A verifcation code has been sent to
      your mobile number

      Please enter the verification code below

    Loading...
    Loading...