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Rail Transport

28-NOV-2015 15:20

    Rail Transport network in India is one of the longest in the world. It facilitates the movement of both freight and passengers and contributes to the growth of economy. Mahatma Gandhi said, the Indian railways “brought people of diverse cultures together to contribute to India’s freedom struggle.”

    Historical Background

    The first railway on Indian sub-continent ran over a stretch of 21 miles from Bombay to Thane. The idea of a railway to connect Bombay with Thane, Kalyan and with the Thal and Bhore Ghats inclines first occurred to Mr. George Clark, the Chief Engineer of the Bombay Government, during a visit to Bhandup in 1843.

    The formal inauguration ceremony was performed on 16th April 1853, when 14 railway carriages carrying about 400 guests left Bori Bunder at 3.30 pm "amidst the loud applause of a vast multitude and to the salute of 21 guns." The first passenger train steamed out of Howrah station destined for Hooghly, a distance of 24 miles, on 15th August, 1854. Thus the first section of the East Indian Railway was opened to public traffic, inaugurating the beginning of railway transport on the Eastern side of the sub-continent.

    In south the first line was opened on Ist July, 1856 by the Madras Railway Company. It ran between Vyasarpadi Jeeva Nilayam (Veyasarpandy) and Walajah Road (Arcot), a distance of 63 miles. In the North a length of 119 miles of line was laid from Allahabad to Kanpur on 3rd March 1859. The first section from Hathras Road to Mathura Cantonment was opened to traffic on 19th October, 1875.

    These were the small beginnings which is due course developed into a network of railway lines all over the country. By 1880 the Indian Railway system had a route mileage of about 9000 miles. Indian Railways, the premier transport organization of the country is the largest rail network in Asia and the world's second largest under one management.

    Zones and Division of Indian Rail

    Indian Railway is controlled by the Railway Ministry and the Railway Board and for better services and control, the rail transportation is divided into 16 zones or division with headquarter which is given below in table form:

    S/No.

    Name of the Railway Zone

    Zonal Headquarter

      Division

    1

    Central Railway

    Mumbai

    • Mumbai 
    • Nagpur 
    • Bhusawal 
    • Pune 
    • Sholapur 

    2

    Eastern Railway

    Kolkata

    • Howrah-I 
    • Howrah-II 
    • Sealdah 
    • Malda 
    • Asansol 
    • Chitaranjan

    3

    East Central Railway

    Hajipur

    • Danapur 
    • Mugalsarai 
    • Dhanbad 
    • Sonpur 
    • Samastipur

    4

    East Coast Railway

    Bhubaneshwar

    • Khurda Road 
    • Waltair 
    • Sambhalpur

    5

    Northern Railway

    Baroda House, New Delhi

    • Delhi-I 
    • Delhi-II 
    • Ambala 
    • Moradabad 
    • Lucknow 
    • Firozpur

    6

    North Central  Railway

    Allahabad

    • Allahabad 
    • Jhansi 
    • Agra

    7

    North Eastern  Railway

    Gorakhpur

    • Izzatnagar 
    • Lucknow 
    • Varanasi

    8

    North Frontier  Railway

    Maligaon, Guwahati

    • Katihar 
    • Alipurduar 
    • Rangiya 
    • Lumding 
    • Tinsukhia

    9

    North Western Railway

    Jaipur

    • Jaipur 
    • Jodhpur 
    • Bikaner 
    • Ajmer

    10

    Southern  Railway

    Chennai

    • Chennai
    • Madurai 
    • Palghat 
    • Trichy 
    • Trivendrum

    11

    South Central Railway

    Secunderabad

    • Secunderabad 
    • Hyderabad 
    • Guntakal 
    • Vijaywada 
    • Nanded

    12

    South Eastern Railway

    Garden Reach, Kolkata

    • Kharagpur 
    • Adra 
    • Chakradharpur 
    • Ranchi 
    • Shalimar

    13

    South East Central  Railway

    Bilaspur

    • Bilaspur 
    • Nagpur 
    • Raipur

    14

    South Western Railway

    Hubli

    • Bangalore 
    • Mysore 
    • Hubli 
    • FA/F/YNK

    15

    Western Railway

    Mumbai CST

    • BCT 
    • Vadodara 
    • Ahmadabad 
    • Ratlam 
    • Rajkot 
    • Bhavnagar

    16

    West Central Railway

    Jabalpur

    • Jabalpur 
    • Bhopal 
    • Kota

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