Rajasthan Day 2023: Know Date, History, Geography, Significance, and More
Rajasthan Day 2023: March 30 is celebrated across the state to mark the formation of the state of Rajasthan. On this day in 1949, the four states, namely Jodhpur, Jaipur, Bikaner, and Jaisalmer, joined with the United State of Rajasthan, and the region came to be known as Greater Rajasthan.
Formerly, Rajasthan was known as Rajputana, which means "The Country of the Rajputs". The meaning of Rajasthan is "The Abode of the Rajas". It is located in the northwest part of the country and is the home of cultural diversity. The state's features include Indus Valley Civilisation ruins, temples, forts, and fortresses in almost every city. It is divided into nine regions, namely: Ajmer State, Hadoti, Dhundhar, Gorwar, Shekhawati, Mewar, Marwar, Vagad, and Mewat. They are equally rich in their heritage and artistic contribution.
Keoladeo National Park is a world heritage site near Bharatpur that is known for its bird life. The state also has two national tiger reserves, namely Ranthambore National Park at Sawai Madhopur and Sariska Tiger Reserve in Alwar. Take a look at Rajasthan Day; why is it observed on March 30th? Its history, geography, the significance of the day, quotes, etc.
20 Interesting and Important Facts about Rajasthan
जन सम्मान, जय राजस्थान !— Ashok Gehlot (@ashokgehlot51) March 29, 2023
गौरवमयी राजस्थान दिवस के शुभ अवसर पर जन-जन की बचत, राहत, बढ़त की गारंटी करने वाली व प्रदेश को तरक्की की नई राह पर बढ़ाने वाली विभिन्न योजनाओं के लाभार्थियों के सम्मान हेतु लाभार्थी उत्सव आयोजित किया जा रहा है।
आप सभी सादर आमंत्रित हैं। pic.twitter.com/vsOI4sXQQN
Greetings on the state's #FoundationDay to the people of #Rajasthan.— Ministry of Culture (@MinOfCultureGoI) March 30, 2023
Rajasthan is endowed with a rich history & culture. It has contributed significantly to the country's prosperity and development over the years.
We send happiness & prosperity to the people of Rajasthan. pic.twitter.com/tBegqwiGTT
Heartiest greetings on Rajasthan's statehood day. The vibrant state of #Rajasthan is known for its glorious history, architectural grandeur and exquisite handicrafts. My best wishes for the progress & prosperity of the State and well being of its enterprising people.— Vice President of India (@VPIndia) March 30, 2023
गौरवशाली इतिहास, वीरगाथाओं व नैसर्गिक सौंदर्य से परिपूर्ण स्वर्णिम भूमि राजस्थान के स्थापना दिवस की प्रदेशवासियों को हार्दिक शुभकामनाएं।— Ashok Gehlot (@ashokgehlot51) March 30, 2023
इस ऐतिहासिक अवसर पर सरकार सामाजिक सुरक्षा व #बचत_राहत_बढ़त से प्रदेश को नम्बर 1 राज्य बनाने के संकल्प को और मजबूत करने का प्रण लेती है। pic.twitter.com/KKurDV61sc
राजस्थान दिवस पर सभी देशवासियों, विशेषकर राज्य के लोगों को मेरी बधाई। संस्कृति, अतिथि सत्कार, पराक्रम, उद्यम और पर्यटन स्थल राजस्थान की पहचान है। ऐसी विशेषताओं के बल पर राज्य के निवासी स्वर्णिम भविष्य का निर्माण करेंगे और देश के विकास में अमूल्य योगदान देंगे, यह मेरा विश्वास है।— President of India (@rashtrapatibhvn) March 30, 2023
History of Rajasthan
The history of Rajasthan goes back about 5000 years. It can be classified into three parts: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern.
Ancient Period, up to 1200 AD
The clans of Rajput emerged and held their sway in various parts of Rajasthan from about 700 AD. Before that, it was part of various republics. It was part of the Mauryan Empire. At that time, other major republics that dominated the region were the Malavas, Arjunyas, Yaudhyas, Kushans, Saka Satraps, Guptas, and Hunas. The Rajput clans ascendancy in the history of India was during the period from the eighth to the twelfth century AD. The Pratiharas ruled most of northern India during 750–1000 AD and also Rajasthan. Rajasthan also witnessed the struggle for supremacy between 1000 and 1250 AD with the Chalukyas, Parmars, and Chauhans.
Medieval Period, 1201–1707
A part of Rajasthan came under Muslim rulers around 1200 AD. The main centers of their power were Nagaur and Ajmer. Ranthambore was also under their control. At the start of the 13th century AD, the most prominent and powerful state in Rajasthan was Mewar.
Modern Period, 1707–1947
Rajasthan is said to have never been politically united under the dominion or rule of a Mughal emperor named Akbar. The unified province of Rajasthan was created by Akbar. After 1707, Mughal power started to decline. The reason behind the political disintegration was the dismemberment of the Mughal Empire. After the decline of the Mughal empire, the Marathas penetrated Rajasthan. They occupied Ajmer in 1755. And the start of the 19th century was marked by the onslaught of the Pindaris.
Why is Rajasthan Day observed on March 30th?
On March 30th, 1949, the state was formed when Rajputana's name, as adopted by the British Crown, was merged into the Dominion of India. Jaipur, being the largest city, was declared the capital of the state.
On this day in 1949, the four states, namely Jodhpur, Jaipur, Bikaner, and Jaisalmer, joined with the United State of Rajasthan, and the region came to be known as Greater Rajasthan.
The seven stages of the formation of Rajasthan (1948–1956) are as follows:
|Name of Group||States||Date of Integration|
|Matsya Union||Alwar, Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karauli||17-03-1948|
|Rajasthan Union||Banswara, Bundi, Dungerpur, Jhalawar, Kishangarh, Kota, Pratapgarh, Shahpura, Tonk.||25-03-1948|
|United State of Rajasthan||Udaipur also joined with the other Union of Rajasthan.||18-04-1948|
|Greater Rajasthan||Bikaner, Jaipur, Jaisalmer & Jodhpur also joined with the United State of Rajasthan.||30-03-1949|
|United State of Greater Rajasthan||Matsya Union also merged with Greater Rajasthan||15-05-1949|
|United Rajasthan||18 States of United Rajasthan merged with Princely State Sirohi except for Abu and Delwara.||26-01-1950|
|Re-organised Rajasthan||Under the State Re-organisation Act, 1956 the erstwhile part ‘C’ State of Ajmer, Abu Road Taluka, the former part of princely State Sirohi which was merged in former Bombay, State and Sunel Tappa region of the former Madhya Bharat merged with Rajasthan and Sironj subdistrict of Jhalawar district was transferred to Madhya Pradesh.||01-11-1956|
Rajasthan has preserved tales of bravery, the natural world, and the ancestors within its boundaries. Indus Valley civilization ruins can be found at Kalibangan and Balathal, the Dilwara Temples are a Jain pilgrimage site located in Mount Abu, the only hill station in Rajasthan, in the historic Aravalli mountain range, and eastern Rajasthan is the Keoladeo National Park of Bharatpur, a World Heritage Site known for its bird life. Three national tiger reserves are also located in Rajasthan: the Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve near Kota, the Sariska Tiger Reserve in Alwar, and the Ranthambore National Park in Sawai Madhopur.