Shah Jahan (1627-1658)
Shah Jahan was the son of Jahangir and a Rajput princess, who was daughter of Rana of Marwar. He was more orthodox in his attitude towards religion. His counselors included his father-in-law Asaf Khan, Ali Mardan and Mahabat Khan.
The French traveler Tavernier paid a visit during Shah Jahan’s reign. He described Shah Jahan as the king who had Universal sense of security as well as sense of Justice. Since he was a jeweler by profession, he calculated the cost of the Peacock Throne of Shah Jahan around 6.5 million sterling.
Revolts in initial years
In 1636, Jujhar Singh revolted in Bundelkhand. He was killed and the revolt was suppressed. Another revolt took place under Khan Jahan Lodi which was also suppressed in the same manner.
The real name of Mumtaj Mahal was Arjumand Bano Beghum. She died in 1631, during their 14th child Gauhara Beghum. Shah Jahan constructed Taj Mahal in her memory in 1648.
Shah Jahan’s sons
Shah Jahan had four sons; Dara Shikoh, Shah Shuja, Aurangzeb and Murad each of whom was given governor ship. Dara Shikoh was made the governor of Multan and Kabul, Shah Shuja was given Bengal, Aurangzeb was given Deccan while Murad was made the governor of Gujarat.
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