Shah Jahan’s Deccan Policy
Akbar during his time had managed to conquer only a small part of Deccan which included Khandesh and Berar. There were 4 kingdoms in Deccan namely Nizam Shahs of Ahamednagar, Adil Shah of Bijapur, Kutub Shah of Golkonda and Barid Shah of Bidar which held an important place in Indian history.
The Nizam Shahs of Ahmednagar were repeatedly attacked by Mughal imperial army but was repelled by the able general Malik Ambar.
Malik Ambar was an Ethiopian slave, who rose to prominence from 1607 to 1626 AD while acting as a regent of the Nijamshahis of the Ahamednagar. He is credited with increasing the strength of Murtaza Shah.
He is known to pioneer Guerilla warfare and train Marathas into doing the same. In fact, he created a cavalry force of Marathas which later on became a great Maratha Kingdom.
Shah Jahan arrived in 1616 in Deccan and defeated Malik Ambar. The latter was forced to become a tributary vassal. In the year 1635, Shah Jahan marched to deccan kingdoms in person and conquered Nijamshahis and Bijapur kingdoms.
Aurangzeb, the third son of Shah Jahan was given the viceroyalty of Deccan in 1655.
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