The Sayyid Dynasty was founded by Khizr Khan, who was the governor of Multan and Timur's deputy in India. This dynasty ruled for 37 years from 1414 to 1451 AD by four rulers- Khizr Khan, Mubarak, Muhammad Shah, Alam Shah. Here, we are giving a complete detailed summary on the Sayyid Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate.
The Delhi Sultanate under Sayyids was like any other provincial kingdom. Daulat succeeded Sultan Nasiruddin Mahmud, but Khizr Khan, the Governor of Multan, marched against him on behalf of Timur and took possession of Delhi in 1414 AD.
1. He was the founder of the Sayyid Dynasty in India and ruled as a deputy of Timur’s son and successor, Shah Rukh.
2. His reign was marked by utter chaos and disorder. The empire’s territory had Shruken to Delhi and adjoining areas and even these parts were frequently challenged by the Hindu Zamindars of Etawah, Katehar, Kannauj, Patiala and Kampila.
3. He died of illness in AD 1421.
1. He was the son of Khizr Khan who got Khutba read on his name and issued his own coins. He did not accept the suzerainty of any foreign power.
2. He was the ablest ruler of the dynasty. He subdued the rebellion at Bhatinda and Daob and the revolt by Khokhars Chief Jasrat.
3. He patronised Vahiya Bin Ahmad Sarhind, author of Tarikh-i-Mubarak Shahi.
Mubarak Shah was succeeded by two incompetent rulers, Muhammad Shah (AD 1434-1445) and Alauddin Alam Shah (AD 1445-1450). Most of the provincial kingdoms declared their independence. Hence, Alam Shah surrendered the throne and retired in an inglorious manner to Baduan. Finally Bahlol Lodhi captured the throne of Delhi with the support of Wazir Khan.