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Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu is one of the 29th states of India and southernmost part of Indian Peninsula. It is bounded by the Eastern Ghats on the north, by the Nilgiri, the Anamalai Hills, and Kerala on the west, by the Bay of Bengal in the east, by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait on the southeast, and by the Indian Ocean on the south. Here, we are giving important information on Tamil Nadu for general awareness.
Oct 5, 2017 17:52 IST
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Tamil Nadu is one of the 29th states of India and southernmost part of Indian Peninsula. It is bounded by the Eastern Ghats on the north, by the Nilgiri, the Anamalai Hills, and Kerala on the west, by the Bay of Bengal in the east, by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait on the southeast, and by the Indian Ocean on the south. Here, we are giving important information on Tamil Nadu for general awareness.

Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu at a Glance

Capital City

Chennai

Neighbouring States & UTs

Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Pondicherry

Date of Formation

On 14 January, 1969 the state renamed as Tamil Nadu, 1956- Madras was bifurcated to create separate Andhra; on 15 August 1947, Madras Province with Andhra Pradesh came into being.

Language

Tamil

Number of Districts

32

Population

72,147,030

Population Density

550 Persons/ Km2

Main Crops

Sugarcane, cotton, cashew, chillies, gingelly, groundnut, sunflower, coconut, coffee, tea, rubber, tobacco, cardamom

 

 

 

 

Minerals

Lignite, limestone, magnesite, mica, quartz, feldspar, bauxite and gypsum

Airports

Chennai, Tiruchirappalli, Madurai, Coimbatore and Salem

Ports

Chennai, Thoothkudi (Tuticorin), Cuddalore, Nagapattinam

Rivers

Palar, Kaveri, Vagai, Cheyyar, Ponniyar, Meyar, Bhavani, Tamarapani, Chittar, Vellar, Noyal, Suruli, Vaipar

Dance

1. Bharatanatyam (Tamil classical dance)

2. Sadirattam (Tamil classical dance- erotic music and movements similar to mohiniattam)

3. Karakattam (Tamil ancient folk dance)

4. Koothu (A folk and street dance), 5. Kaliyal (A folk dance using sticks and intricate movements)

6. Devarattam (A dance of warriors)

7. Paraiattam (A folk drums and dance)

8. Kavadiattam (dedicated to the Tamil God Murugan)

9. Kummiyattam (female folk dance)

10. Bommalattam (Puppet dance)

11. Mayilattam (Peacock dance)

12. Paampu attam (snake dance)

13. Oyilattam (Dance of Grace)

14. Poikal Kudirai Attam (False legged horses dance)

15. Puliyattam (Tiger dance)

16. Kai-silambam (A folk dance holding silambam in hand)

Air bases of the Indian Air Force

Thanjavur AFS, Tambram AFS, Coimbatore AFS

Naval Air Stations

INS Rajali and INS Parundu

List of Indian States and their Symbols

Historical Background

South India had remained under the hegemony of the Cholas, the Cheras and the Pandyas for centuries. The Pallavas held supremacy from about the second quarter of the fourth century AD. They were the originators of the famous Dravidian style of temple architecture. The last Pallava ruler was Aparajita in whose reign the later Cholas under Vijayalaya and Aditya asserted themselves by about the 10th century.

At the end of the 11th century, Tamil Nadu was ruled by several dynasties like the Chalukyas, Cholas and Pandyas. In the two centuries that followed, the imperial Cholas gained paramountcy over South India.

During 14th century, the Vijayanagar Kingdom quickly consolidated itself and extended its sway over the whole of South India and at the close of the century; Vijayanagar became the supreme power in South. However, it crumbled at the battle of Talikota in 1564 to the confederate forces of the Deccan Sultans.

The Portuguese, the Dutch, the French and the English came in quick succession and established trading centres known as ‘Factories’. East India Company which had established their factory at Masulipatnam, now in Andhra Pradesh, in 1611 gradually annexed territories by encouraging enmity among the native rulers.

Tamil Nadu was one of the first of British settlements in India. The State is the successor to the old Madras Presidency which in 1901 covered the bulk of the southern peninsula. The composite Madras State was later reorganised and the present Tamil Nadu was formed.

Summary on the Dynasties of Sangam Age

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