The Moderates were the one who dominate the affairs of the Indian National Congress from 1885-1905. They were Indians but in reality British in taste, intellect, opinions and morality. They believed in patience, steadiness, conciliation and union. The leader of the first phase of the National Movement were A.O. Hume, W.C. Banerjee, Surendra Nath Banerjee, Dadabhai Naoroji, Feroze Shah Mehta, Gopalakrishna Gokhale, Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Badruddin Tyabji, Justice Ranade, G.Subramanya Aiyar etc. They were called moderates because they appeal through petitions, speeches and articles loudly professing loyalty to the British Raj.
Demands of Moderates
Achievements of Moderates
Hence, we can say that the Moderates were acting like Safety-Valve between the masses and Britisher’s. But over the time their Indian blood rejuvenated and their leadership urges then to overthrow British by an Institutional method.