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Top 10 largest Marine Protected Area

According to the IUCN, there are around 5000 MPAs designated areas around the world. The world’s largest marine protected areas encompass 74% of the global marine area protected and 80% of the global reserve area. In this article, we are giving the list of top 10 largest Marine Protected Area which will be helpful for the aspirants of the competitive exams like UPSC/PCS/SSC/CDS etc.
Mar 11, 2019 17:23 IST
    Top 10 largest Marine Protected Area

    Marine protected areas (MPA) are protected areas of seas, oceans, estuaries or large lakes. MPAs restrict human activity for a conservation purpose, typically to protect natural or cultural resources. According to the IUCN, there are around 5000 MPAs designated around the world.

    Top 10 largest Marine Protected Area

    These 10 largest marine protected areas encompass 74% of the global marine area protected and 80% of the global reserve area.

    1. Ross Sea Region Marine Protected Area

    Country / location: Antarctica

    Marine Protected Area type: Marine Protected Area

    Designated year: 2017

    Marine area (km sq.): 1,555,851

    2. Phoenix Islands

    Country / location: Republic of Kiribati

    Marine Protected Area type: Marine Protected Area

    Designated year: 2006*

    Total area (km sq.): 410.5

    Marine area (km sq.): 410.5

    3. Great Barrier Reef

    Country / location: Australia

    Marine Protected Area type: Marine Park

    Designated year: 1979

    Total area (km sq.): 344.4

    Marine area (km sq.): 344.4

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    4. Papahanaumokuakea

    Country / location: USA

    Marine Protected Area type: Marine National Monument

    Designated year: 2000

    Total area (km sq.): 341.4      

    Marine area (km sq.): 341.4

    5. Marianas Trench

    Country / location: Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas (USA)

    Marine Protected Area type: Marine National Monument

    Designated year: 2009

    Total area (km sq.): 246.6

    Marine area (km sq.): 246.6

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    6. Pacific Remote Islands

    Country / location: USA

    Marine Protected Area type: Marine National Monument

    Designated year: 2009

    Total area (km sq.): 225.0      

    Marine area (km sq.): 225.0

    7. Macquarie Island

    Country / location: Australia

    Marine Protected Area type: Marine Park

    Designated year: 1999

    Total area (km sq.): 162.0      

    Marine area (km sq.): 162.0

    8. Galapagos

    Country / location: Galapagos Islands (Ecuador)

    Marine Protected Area type: Marine Reserve

    Designated year: 1996

    Total area (km sq.): 133.0

    Marine area (km sq.): 133.0

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    9. Greenland

    Country / location: Greenland (Denmark)

    Marine Protected Area type: National Park

    Designated year: 1974

    Total area (km sq.): 972.0      

    Marine area (km sq.): 110.6

    10. Seaflower

    Country / location: Colombia

    Marine Protected Area type: Marine Protected Area

    Designated year:  2005

    Total area (km sq.): 65.1

    Marine area (km sq.): 65.0

    What is Global Environmental Facility (GEF)?

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