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Uttarakhand ‘The Deva Bhoomi’ : Facts at a Glance

19-JAN-2016 09:07

    Uttarakhand was formed on 9th November 2000 as the 27th State of India, when it was carved out of northern Uttar Pradesh. Located at the foothills of the Himalayan mountain ranges, it is largely a hilly State, having international boundaries with China (Tibet) in the north and Nepal in the east. The four most sacred and revered Hindu temples of Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri are nestled in this state. It’s truly God’s Land (Dev Bhoomi).

    Jagranjosh

    Source: www.tnpscquestionpapers.com

    Facts about Uttarakhand:

    Area

    53,484 sq.km

    Establishment

    9 Nov. 2000 as Uttranchal and renamed Uttrakhand in 2007

    Population

    1.01 cr (2011 census)

    Principal official Language

    Hindi

    Garhwali

    Kumaoni

    Urdu

    Punjabi

    Jaunsari

    Nepali

    Bhoti

    Buksa

    Tharu

    Raji

    Rawat

    Neighbouring States

    UP, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana

    Capital 

    Dehradun

    Members of parliament

    Lok Sabha=5 ,Rajya Sabha= 3

    Legislature

    Unicameral (Assembly 70 seats)

    Airports

    Jolly Grant (Dehradun)

    Major Cities

    Degradun,Haridwar,Roorkee, Haldwani,Rudrapur,Rishikesh, Pithoragarh,

    Festivals

    Kumbh Mela,Devidhura Mela,Nanda Devi Mela,Gauchar Mela,Baishakhi & Magh Mela, Puranagiri Mela

    Economy  Size

    US$ 24.05 billion,

    Per capita income is ₹1,03,000 (FY 2013). Tourism is its backbone.

    Literacy

    79.63 %

    Districts

    13

    Sex Ratio (as per 2011 census)

    963 per thousand male

    Density

    189 persons/ km2

    Principal Folk Dances

    Barada Nati, Bhotiya Dance,Chancheri,Chhapeli,Choliya Dance,Jagars,Jhora, Langvir Dance,Langvir Nritya,Pandav Nritya,Ramola Shotiya Tribal Folk Dances,Thali, Jadda and Jhainta

    Minerals  

    Limestone, Rock Phosphate, Dolomite, Magnesite, Copper, Graphite, Soapstone, Gypsum

    Rivers

    Yamuna, Ganga, Bhagirathi, Ramganga,Tons, Kali

    Hill Satiations

    Mussoorie, Nainital, Dhanaulti, Lansdowne, Pauri, Sattal, Almora, Kausani, Bhimtal, and Ranikhet

    Mountains

    Shiwalik Range, Great Himalaya, Garhwal Hills, Kumaon Hills

    Passes

    Thaga la, Tsang Chok La, Muling La, Mana Pass, Niti Pass

    National Parks

    Corbett National Park, Rajaji National Park, Valley of Flowers National Park,Gangotri National Park,Nalanda Devi National Park,Govind Pashu Vihar

    Religion in (As per Census 2011)

    Hinduism (83.97%)

    Islam (12.94%)

    Sikhism (2.34%)

    Christianity (0.37%)

    Buddhism (0.14%)

    Jainism (0.09%)

    Other or not religious (0.1%)

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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