Uttarakhand ‘The Deva Bhoomi’ : Facts at a Glance

Uttarakhand was formed on 9th November 2000 as the 27th State of India, when it was carved out of northern Uttar Pradesh. Located at the foothills of the Himalayan mountain ranges, it is largely a hilly State; having international boundaries with China (Tibet) in the north and Nepal in the east. The four most sacred and revered Hindu temples of Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri are nestled in this state. It’s truly God’s Land (Dev Bhoomi).
Created On: Jan 19, 2016 09:07 IST
Modified On: Mar 15, 2016 17:25 IST

Uttarakhand was formed on 9th November 2000 as the 27th State of India, when it was carved out of northern Uttar Pradesh. Located at the foothills of the Himalayan mountain ranges, it is largely a hilly State, having international boundaries with China (Tibet) in the north and Nepal in the east. The four most sacred and revered Hindu temples of Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri are nestled in this state. It’s truly God’s Land (Dev Bhoomi).

Jagranjosh

Source: www.tnpscquestionpapers.com

Facts about Uttarakhand:

Area

53,484 sq.km

Establishment

9 Nov. 2000 as Uttranchal and renamed Uttrakhand in 2007

Population

1.01 cr (2011 census)

Principal official Language

Hindi

Garhwali

Kumaoni

Urdu

Punjabi

Jaunsari

Nepali

Bhoti

Buksa

Tharu

Raji

Rawat

Neighbouring States

UP, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana

Capital 

Dehradun

Members of parliament

Lok Sabha=5 ,Rajya Sabha= 3

Legislature

Unicameral (Assembly 70 seats)

Airports

Jolly Grant (Dehradun)

Major Cities

Degradun,Haridwar,Roorkee, Haldwani,Rudrapur,Rishikesh, Pithoragarh,

Festivals

Kumbh Mela,Devidhura Mela,Nanda Devi Mela,Gauchar Mela,Baishakhi & Magh Mela, Puranagiri Mela

Economy  Size

US$ 24.05 billion,

Per capita income is ₹1,03,000 (FY 2013). Tourism is its backbone.

Literacy

79.63 %

Districts

13

Sex Ratio (as per 2011 census)

963 per thousand male

Density

189 persons/ km2

Principal Folk Dances

Barada Nati, Bhotiya Dance,Chancheri,Chhapeli,Choliya Dance,Jagars,Jhora, Langvir Dance,Langvir Nritya,Pandav Nritya,Ramola Shotiya Tribal Folk Dances,Thali, Jadda and Jhainta

Minerals  

Limestone, Rock Phosphate, Dolomite, Magnesite, Copper, Graphite, Soapstone, Gypsum

Rivers

Yamuna, Ganga, Bhagirathi, Ramganga,Tons, Kali

Hill Satiations

Mussoorie, Nainital, Dhanaulti, Lansdowne, Pauri, Sattal, Almora, Kausani, Bhimtal, and Ranikhet

Mountains

Shiwalik Range, Great Himalaya, Garhwal Hills, Kumaon Hills

Passes

Thaga la, Tsang Chok La, Muling La, Mana Pass, Niti Pass

National Parks

Corbett National Park, Rajaji National Park, Valley of Flowers National Park,Gangotri National Park,Nalanda Devi National Park,Govind Pashu Vihar

Religion in (As per Census 2011)

Hinduism (83.97%)

Islam (12.94%)

Sikhism (2.34%)

Christianity (0.37%)

Buddhism (0.14%)

Jainism (0.09%)

Other or not religious (0.1%)

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