Multipurpose river valley projects are constructed to fulfil the requirements of irrigation for agriculture, electricity for industries and flood control. As J.L Nehru states that, “the temples of modern India”. Bhakra Nangal, Indira Gandhi Project, Pong Project Chamera Project, Thein Project, Nathpa Jhakri Project, Salal, Baglihar Project, Dulhasti Project, Tulbul Project, and Uri Project are important river valley project links with the Indus River System.
The Bhakra Nangal Project
It is the largest and the most important multipurpose project named after the two dams built at Bhakra and Nangal on the Satluj River.It is the second highest dam in the World. The project comprises of: (i) two dams at Bhakra and Nangal, (ii) Nangal Hydel Channel, (iii) power houses with a combined installed capacity of 1,204 megawatt (M.W.) (iv) Electric transmission lines and (v) Bhakra canal system for irrigation. It is a joint venture of the Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan states designed to harness the precious water of the Satluj for the benefit of the concerned states. The dam is 226 metre high and 518 metres long with its maximum width at the base as 362 metres.This reservoir is named as Gobindsagar Lake after Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth guru of the Sikh community.
The Indira Gandhi Project or the Rajasthan Canal
This is previously known as Rajasthan Canal Project. It is one of the biggest irrigation projects not only in India but in whole World. It covers s an area 600 km long and 45 km wide of the Thar Desert of Rajasthan. It is one of the most gigantic projects in the world aiming to dedesertify and transform desert waste land into agriculturally productive area. The project objectives include drought proofing, providing drinking water, improvement of environment, afforestation, employment, rehabilitation, development and projection of animal wealth and increasing agricultural produce.
It is also called the Beas Dam on the river Beas, near Talwara in Himachal Pradesh, is the highest (132 m high) rock-fill dam in the country. The project is a joint venture of Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana. The dam has been designed to store 6.6 million acre feet of water. Although the dam is meant primarily to meet the irrigation needs, it also produces power.
The Baglihar Project
This project has been executed on the Chenab in Jammu & Kashmir.
Dul-Hasti Hydro-Electric Project
The Rs. 1263 crore project is being built on river Chenab in Jammu and Kashmir. The foundation of the project was laid in September 1984. The project will consist of a power plant of 390 MW capacities. The power house will be located underground
Thien Dam (Punjab)
A 147 metre high dam built by the Punjab Government at Thien village across the Ravi 25 km. upstream of Madhopur head works. It will irrigate 8 lakh hectares land and generate 600 MW. power. Renamed as Ranjit Sagar Dam it was dedicated to the nation on March 4, 2001 by Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee.
Chamera Hydro-Electric Project
The 540 MW Chamera hydro-electric project on the Ravi river in Himachal Pradesh was implemented with Canadian credit offer of about Rs 335 crore.
Nathpa-Jhakri Hydro-Electric Project
India’s largest hydro-electric project, it is located at Nathpa Jhakri in Himachal Pradesh. It is built on Satluj River. The first of the six 250 MW units was commissioned on December 30, 2002. The project is being executed by Satluj Jal Nigam (formerly Nathpa Jhakri Power Corporation).
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