Accepting the policy 'a step towards village', Union Government has launched a new scheme, named 'Bharat Nirman Yojana' on December 16, 2005. This scheme aims at developing rural infrastructure. This yojna is governed by the Ministry of Rural Development.The duration of implementing this scheme has been determined for four years with the expected expenditure of 174000 crore. The major six sectors & their targets for next four years are:
- Irrigation: To ensure irrigation for additional one crore hectare of land by 2009.
- Roads: To link all villages of 1000 population with roads and also to link all ST and hilly villages upto 500 population with roads. Upto December 2012 a total of 47354 habitations have been connected under Bharat Nirman out of 63940 habitations to be connected while works for 60421 habitations is sanctioned.
- Housing: Construction of 60 lakh additional houses for the poor. Under Bharat Nirman Programme Phase-I, 60 lakh houses were envisaged to be constructed under Indira Gandhi Avas Yojana all over the country during the four years i.e., from 2005-06 to 2008-09. Against this target, 71.76 lakh houses were constructed with an expenditure of Rs. 21720.39 crore. Target for Phase-II under Bharat Nirman is 120 lakh houses over a period of 5 years (2009-10 to 2013-14). During the first three years more than 85.72 lakh houses have been constructed.
- Water Supply: To ensure drinking water to all remaining 74000 villages.
- Electrification: To supply electricity to all remaining 125000 villages & to provide electricity connection to 2.3 crore houses.
- Rural Communication : To provide telephone facility to all remaining 66822 villages.
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