Renewable sources of energy are those which replenish themselves. The examples of renewable sources of energy are; solar energy,wind energy, hydroelectric energy, geothermal energy and biomass.
Currently India is generating around 58 G.W. energy from renewable resources which is about 18.5% of India's total energy production. It shows that India's energy needs are still based on non-renewable resources. According to the need of the hour; India will have to find alternative sources of energy which can be used for a long time or can be used by the coming generations.
In coping with need of the hour, the Prime Minister of India Shri Narendra Modi, and the former President of France Mr. François Hollande, jointly laid the foundation stone of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) on 25-January-2016.
Prime Minister Modi, along with French President Immanuel Macroon, organized the first summit of the International Solar Coalition (ISA) on 11 March 2018 in New Delhi.
In this article we are elaborating about this International Solar Alliance in detail;
What is International Solar Alliance?
International Solar Alliance or ISA consists of 121 countries.ISA consists of most of those countries which are located between the tropic of cancer and tropic of Capricorn. These countries are located at the shortest distance from the Sun that is why solar energy is available in these quantities throughout the year. The ISA has set a target of 1 TW of solar energy by 2030.
French Development Agency will allocate €300 million to developing solar energy over the next five years in order to finance the initial projects.
What are the objectives of International Solar Alliance?
1. The purpose of the International Solar Alliance is to bring such countries (which are located between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn) on a platform that supports clean energy, sustainable environment, clean public transport and clean climate.
2. This alliance wants to overcome the obstacles in the way of promoting solar energy.
3. ISA will promote the development and use of solar energy in order to provide energy security to present and future generations.
4. ISA's goal is to generate 1 trillion watt (1000 gigawatt) of solar power by 2030.
5. The establishment of the ISA will motivate the other countries of the world to increase the production and consumption of the solar energy for sustainable development.
How many countries are included in the International Solar Alliance?
The ISA is open to 121 prospective member countries, most of them located between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn as this is the region worldwide with a surplus of bright sunlight for most of the year.
ISA; has become one of the largest organisations in the world and 61 countries have signed the ISA Framework Agreement within 2 years from its commencement.
Name of some Signatory Countries are;
France, Australia, Bangladesh, United Arab Emirates, Brazil, Venezuela, Srilanka, Ethiopia, Yemen, Fiji, ,Algeria,Ghana,Egypt,India,Kiribati,Liberia,Madagascar,Malawi,Mali,Mauritius,Niger,NigeraPeru,Rwanda,Senegal,Seychelles,Somalia,South Sudan and Tanzania.
The following 33 countries have signed and ratified the ISA Framework Agreement:
Australia, India, South Sudan,UAE,Srilanka,Malawi,Tuvalu,Venezuela,Bangladesh,Mali,Togolese Republic, Burkina Faso, Union of Comoros, Mauritius, Uganda, Cuba, Madagascar, Guyana, Fiji, Nauru, Rwanda, France, Niger, Cote d’ivoire, Ghana, Peru, Dominica, Guinea, Seychelles, Papua New Guinea, Gabonese Republic, Somalia and Sudan.
What is the role of India in the International Solar Alliance?
International Solar Alliance (ISA) is the first international organization that has secretariat in India. ISA will increase the stature of India at the international level. Addressing the conference on March 11, 2018, Prime Minister Modi said that "India; aims to produce 100 gigawatt solar energy (which will be one-tenth of ISA's target) by 2022.”India will produce 175 GW of electricity from renewable sources.
Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) and Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) announced contribution of US $ 1 million each to the ISA corpus fund.
It is expected that if this organization succeeds in achieving its goals, it will not only be the source of clean fuel for the current generation, but will also meet the needs of future generations.