What is Italy Republic Day? Know its History and Significance

Today Google Doodle celebrates the Italian Republic Day as Italy witnessed historic voting by the Italians to establish the Italian Republic in 1946. Here are all the things you need to know.

Jagran Josh
Jun 2, 2023, 12:56 IST
Italy Republic Day
Italy Republic Day

Italy Republic Day which is also known as Festa della Repubblica is a national holiday in Italy that witnesses a celebration every year on June 2. It honors the day in 1946 when Italians voted to abolish the monarchy system and establish a republic. Read below to learn more. 

What is the History of Italy Republic Day? 

The history of Italy's Republic Day can be traced back to the end of World War II. In 1943, the Italian monarchy was forced to quit after Benito Mussolini was overthrown. 

A new government was formed, but it was soon clear that the country was divided between those who wanted to restore the monarchy and those who wanted to establish a republic.

Source: My Travel in Tuscany

In June 1946, a referendum was held to decide the future of Italy. The results were clear: 54.3% of voters chose to abolish the monarchy and establish a republic. The new republic was officially inaugurated on June 2, 1946, and this day has been celebrated as Italy Republic Day ever since.

The Ministero Della Difesa states in one of its articles that “On 2 June 1946 the referendum on the institutional form of the State took place, which led to the birth of the Republic with the popular vote and the election of a Constituent Assembly, at the end of a complex period of transition marked by the actions of movements and anti-fascist parties and the advance of the allies in a divided and war-torn country.

“The Italians, and for the first time the Italian women, summoned to the polls to choose between the Republic and the Monarchy and to elect the deputies of the Constituent Assembly who will have the task of drafting the new constitutional charter, were called to cooperate in the foundation of an idea of republican citizenship that found in the Constitution one of the maximum expressions.”

In the years since Italy Republic Day has become one of the most important national holidays in Italy. It is a day to celebrate the country's democratic achievements and to look forward to the future.

What is the Significance of Italy Republic Day?

Italy Republic Day is a significant day for Italians because it marks the beginning of their country's democratic era. The day is also a time to celebrate the achievements of the Italian people, who have worked hard to build a strong and prosperous nation.

The Ministero Della Difesa states “A forward-looking, state-of-the-art Constitution. Art.3 establishes the obligation for the Republic to remove all economic and social obstacles which, by actually restricting the freedom and equality of the citizens, prevents the full development of the human person and the effective participation of all workers in the political, economic and social organization of the Country".

How is Italy Republic Day Celebrated?

Italy Republic Day is celebrated with a variety of events and activities across the country. In Rome, the main event is a military parade that takes place along Via dei Fori Imperiali. The parade is attended by the President of the Republic, the Prime Minister, and other government officials.

Other events that are often held on Italy's Republic Day include concerts, festivals, and fireworks displays. Schools and businesses are closed on this day, and many people take the opportunity to spend time with family and friends.

In conclusion, Italy Republic Day is a day of celebration for Italians. It is a time to commemorate the country's democratic achievements and to look forward to the future.

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