Anti Child Labour Day or World Day against Child Labour Day provides the opportunity to provide environment for children to grow and live a dignified life and to fight against child labour throughout the world.
Poverty is one of the main reasons for child labour because of which childrens are forced to left their school and opt for minial jobs to support their parents for their livelihood.Moreover, some are forced into child labour by organised crime rackets.
This Day not only focus on the suitable environment required for the children to grow and prosper but also provide an opportunity to gain support from governments, civil society, schools, youth, women's groups and media to participate in the campaign against child labour.
World Day against Child Labour 2019: Theme
The theme of World Day against Child Labour 2019 is “Children shouldn’t work in fields, but on dreams”. The theme focuses on the development of the children working in agriculture sector throughout the world. As around 152 million children are still in child labour. And it is said that in almost every sector child labour exists but seven out of every ten is in agriculture. The International Labour Organisation (ILO) celebrates 100 years in 2019 in promoting social justice and decent work for children through Anti Child Labour Day.
Let us tell you that The International Labour Organisation (ILO) launched the World against Child Labour Day in 2002 to focus an attention against child labour and the action or work needed to eliminate it. The first convention adopted by ILO was on Minimum Age industry. It also looks forward towards the UN Sustainable Development Goal Target 8.7 which was set by the international community to make an end to child labour by 2025.
In fact 2019 also marks 20 years since the adoption of the ILO's Worst Forms of child Labour Convention, 1999. This day also focuses on the ratification of the protocol of 2014 to the Forced labour Convention to protect the rights of adults as well as children.
The theme for World Day against Child Labour 2018 is "Generation safe and Healthy".
The theme for World Day against Child Labour 2017 is "In conflicts and disasters, protect children from child labour”.
The theme for World Day against Child Labour 2016 is “End child labour in supply chains – It’s everyone’s business!”
The theme for World Day against Child Labour 2015 is "NO to child labour – YES to quality education!”.
World Day Against Child Labour: History
In 1919, the International Labour Organisation (ILO) was established to promote social justice and to set up an International Labour Standards. Let us tell you that the ILO has 187 member states and out of which 186 are also the members of the United Nations. The 187th member is the Cook Island (South Pacific). Since then, the ILO has passed several conventions to improve the conditions of labour across the globe. Not only this, it also provides guidelines on matters like wages, working hours, favourable environment etc.
Further, in 2002 "World Day Against Child Labour" was encouraged by the conventions number 138 and 182 by the International Labour Organisation (ILO). In 1973, ILO convention number 138 was adopted and focused on the minimum age for employment. It aims the member states to rise the minimum age of employment and to abolish child labour. In 1999, the ILO convention number 182 was adopted and was also known as "Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention". It aims to take necessary and immediate action to eliminate worst form that is child labour.
What constitutes Child Labour?
According to International Labour Organisation, child labour is "work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity and that is harmful to physical and mental health". That is such type of work that deprives the children of their right to education and a dignified living. ILO also says that child labour is such type of work which have physically, mentally and socially consequences on the children and damages them in some or the other way. In fact any type of work that stops children to take school education is also a child labour. It is categorised into three forms: work that deprive the children of the opportunity to attend school, work that force children to leave school at an early age and work that requires children to attend school but with the heavy work load.
World Day Against Child Labour: Significance
This day mainly focus on the children development and it protects the right of education and dignified life for the children. Therefore, it is important to achieve the Sustainable development Goals (SDGs) by 2030 as propagated by the UN. Several organisations, ILO etc. are making efforts to curb the child labour. But we should also be responsible and take our duties to help in eliminating the child labour. It is correctly said that the child that comes out of child labour comes to know his or her potential and self worth. They began to enjoy life, human rights and live a dignified life. No doubt such children will also contribute in the economic and social growth of the country and also of the world. Children are the future of the country isn’t it!
Stop Child Labour, Protect the right of children, educate them, and support them!