World Environment Day 2019: Theme, History & Significance

Every year World Environment day is celebrated on 5th June to spread awareness, to encourage people to take action and to protect the environment. The Current theme of World Environment day is Air Pollution.      
Jun 4, 2019 20:08 IST
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World Environment Day 2019
World Environment Day 2019

World Environment Day is celebrated since 1974, it is widely celebrated in over 100 countries.It is the "People's day" to do something to take care of earth and the environment.This is really important to know the ways to protect the environment, let us see in detail about the objectives, themes and history of World environment day.

For healthy living, environment plays an important role. It provide us air, food, etc. It is correctly said that ' the difference between animals and humans is that animals change themselves for the environment, but humans change the environment for themselves'. Environment is just like our neighbourhood, its surrounding conditions influence us and modify growth and development.

World Environment Day is promoted by the United Nation and for 2019 China being the host country. World Environment Day is also known as the Environment Day, Eco Day. This day is celebrated to spread awareness about the Environment and its effects on the daily life of the people.

Environment is the surrounding or conditions in which a person, animal or plant lives or operates. It is necessary to understand the importance of environment and lots of activities are done by the people to preserve and conserve the unique and life nurturing nature.

People are more reluctant today to save the Environment for the future and then only it will be possible for the people to focus on the developmental activities in the country.

World Environment Day 2019: Theme

The theme for the World Environment Day 2019 is "Air Pollution".

Air pollution is increasing day by day and it seems complex to control it but nothing is impossible we should come together to combat it. And for this it is necessary to understand different types of pollution, how it affects our health and environment will help us to steps towards improving the air around us.

We can't stop breathing but we can do something to improve the quality of air that we breathe. From air pollution approximately 7 million people in the world die due to air pollution and out of 7 million, 4 million occur in Asia-Pacific.

Facts related to Air pollution
- Around 92 percent of the people worldwide do not breathe clean air.

- Every year, Air pollution costs the global economy $5 Trillion in welfare costs.

- By 2030, ground-level ozone pollution is expected to reduce the staple crop yields by 26 percent.

The theme for the World Environment Day 2018 is “Beat Plastic Pollution”.

We know that it is not possible to reuse plastic, they are non-biodegradable. So, it’s better not to use it. Plastics consist of several chemicals which are toxic or disrupt hormones. Plastics can also serve as a magnet for other pollutants, including dioxins, metals and pesticides.

Therefore, it is necessary to call the people from all over the world to come and combat single-use plastic pollution which harms our ecosystem and consequently us.

The slogan is: If you can’t reuse it, refuse it.

World Environment Day: History

Since 1973 , World Environment Day has been started celebrating as an annual event on every 5 June to raise the importance of the healthy and green environment in the human lives, to solve the issues of the environment by implementing some positive environmental actions by government, organisations and individual as a whole.

In 1972 in the conference held on Human Environment began from 5th to 16th June at United Nations, World Environment Day was first established to be celebrated every year by running some effective campaigns by the United Nations General Assembly and United Nations Environment programme (UNEP).

First time World Environment Day is celebrated in 1973 with the theme "Only one Earth". And from 1974, the celebration campaign of the World Environment Day is hosted in different cities of the world.

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Why World Environment Day is celebrated?

Why World Environment Day is celebrated


It is necessary to address the environmental issues like deforestation, increasing global warming, wastage and losses of food, pollution etc. Throughout the world several campaigns are organised with a particular theme and slogan to bring effectiveness around the world.

This day is celebrated to successfully get carbon neutrality, reducing greenhouse effects, focusing on forest management, planting on degraded lands, energy production through solar sources, promoting coral reefs and mangroves, developing new drainage system etc.

A study conducted by Ellen McArthur Foundation in 2015 says that about 6.3 billion tonnes of plastic waste has been generated in the world so far, and around 90% of this will not decompose for at least 500 years. Micro-plastic or tiny fragments have been found in soil, tap water, bottled water, beer and even in the air we breathe, according to scientists.

Objectives behind celebrating World Environment Day

- World Environment Day is celebrated to spread awareness among common people about the issues of the environment.

- Encourage common people from different society and communities to actively participate in the celebration as well as become an active agent in developing environmental safety measures.

- Encourage people to make their nearby surroundings safe and clean to enjoy safer, cleaner and more prosperous future.

Some facts about Plastics

Facts about Plastics


- Plastic harms marine life and pose a threat to human health.

- Large part of the population depends upon Plastic for their daily use. Do you know nearly one-third of it is not disposed off properly and ends up clogging drains and choke the environment?

- Plastics can persist in the environment for nearly thousand years before it fully disintegrates.

- Plastics are non-renewable and its manufacture and destruction exposes individuals and environment to many toxins, including carcinogens.

- Plastics make up ten per cent of the total waste generated; half of it is used in disposable or single use.

- Up to 5 trillion plastic bags are used by the world every year.

- Do you know in the last decade, we produced more plastic than in the whole last century?

- We use in the form of disposable or for single-use 50 percent of the plastic.

- In every minute we buy 1 million plastic bottles.

- 10% of all of the waste that we generate are made up of plastics.

- Do you know that each year, at least 13 million tonnes of plastic end up in the oceans which is equivalent to the full garbage truck every minute?

- Plastic is hazardous to both animals and humans. Sea animals choke on Plastic.

- Plastics dumped into oceans move up the food chain causing several health hazards like Cancer, Endocrine problems, etc. in humans.

How much Plastic waste does India generates?

The amount of plastic waste that India generates in a year is equivalent to the weight of 30 Titanic ships. Maharashtra generates the maximum plastic waste among the India states and Gujarat is at second position.


What Greenpeace report says?

3,300 Indians died every day in 2015, according to a Greenpeace report. In the last five years, the government’s allocation towards the environment has got reduced by 19%.

On the World Environment Day, UN is making an effort to urge governments, industries, communities and also uniting people against plastic and its side effects. Exploring alternatives that are sustainable. It has created a global platform where people can gather and take positive environmental actions. We should participate in the campaigns and join together to eradicate the problems caused due to pollution and make environment clean. Together we can make change.

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