World Tuna Day 2019: History and Significance

World Tuna Day is established by the United Nations (UN) on 2 May to increase awareness about the importance of tuna fish and to promote more sustainable fishing practices. First time it was observed in 2017.
May 2, 2019 16:11 IST
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World Tuna Day
World Tuna Day

According to UN, several countries in the world depend upon tuna for both food security and nutrition. Let us tell you that more than 80 countries have tuna fisheries and their capacity is also growing constantly.

World Tuna Day: History

In December 2016 the United Nations General Assembly officially voted to observe the Day in its resolution 71/124. No doubt this movement will underline the importance of conservation management to ensure that they have systems, equipments to prevent stocks of tuna from crashing.

There are several countries that depend upon tuna resources for food security and nutrition, economic development, employment, livelihood, culture etc. On 2 May, 2017 the first internationally World Tuna Day was recognised.

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About Tuna


Length: 6.5 feet

Weight: 550 pounds

Tuna is a large fish. Bluefin can swim up to 35 mph in short bursts. To reduce drag and accelerate the swimming speed, tuna is able to change the position of its dorsal and pectoral fins. Tuna can swim near the surface or can dive to the depth of 3000 feet while it searches for food. The average life span of tuna is between 15 and 30 years in the wild. Dorsal side of the tuna's body is dark blue and it blends with the ocean floor when observed from the air. Belly of tuna is silver-white and it blends with the surface of the ocean when observed from below.

Tuna are species of fish and are economically very important. It is also a significant source of food. Approximately 40 species occur in Atlantic, Indian, Pacific Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Such type of remarkable fish can jump high out of the water, they are warm-blooded. For the protection from sharks, they also team up with the Dolphins.

Do you know that these fishes are threatened due to increase in wo main products drive the production of tuna that is traditional canned tuna and sashim or sushi. In terms of species utilised, quality requirements and production systems, these products demonstrate relevant differences. In the canned market, light meat species that is skipjack and yellowfin are dominant whereas in the sushi and sashmi market, the fatty tuna of bluefin and other red meat species are preferred.

Do you know that approx 7 million tonnes of tuna like species are landed yearly? Migratory tuna species account for 20 percent of the value of marine capture fisheries and around 8 percent of all globally traded seafood that is why World Tuna Day is observed by United Nations to recognise the importance of tuna species around the world.

Therefore, we can say that World Tuna Day is observed on 2 May every year to highlight the importance of tuna fish to the marine ecosystem and the global economy.

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