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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2018: 6 July 2017

Jul 6, 2017 19:43 IST

    Current Affairs Quiz 6 July 2017Current affairs hold extreme importance in IAS prelims almost as any other academic subject and it should be read as a separate section while preparing for the IAS exam. In this process, practising MCQ questions based on current affairs should be given priority.

    Here, we have provided some important sample questions on the latest political and social happenings that affect the structure of the nation.

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    We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2018 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.

    1. The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is now gaining fresh momentum. Consider the following statements regarding the TPP Treaty:

    1) TPP was signed by 12 Pacific Rim countries.
    2) Together TPP countries account for the 26% of world trade.
    3) United States of America has withdrawn from the TPP treaty.

    Which of the statements is true?

    a. 1 and 3
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a trade agreement between Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States and Vietnam. It currently cannot be ratified due to U.S. withdrawal from the agreement on 23 January 2017.

    The TPP contains measures to lower both non-tariff and tariff barriers to trade and establish an investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) mechanism.

    The agreement aimed to promote economic growth; support the creation and retention of jobs; enhance innovation, productivity and competitiveness; raise living standards; reduce poverty in the signatory’s countries; and promote transparency, good governance, and enhanced labour and environmental protections.

    The Hindu: Smart Cities Mission in India

    2. Recently, the Minister of Union Agriculture has reviewed the progress of the flagship scheme the Soil Health Card (SHC) Scheme. Consider the following statements regarding the Soil Health Card (SHC) Scheme:

    I. Soil Health Card (SHC) Scheme is a flagship scheme of the Government to promote the use of fertilisers based on analysis of Soil Health.
    II. The central Government launched this scheme in February 2015 to provide SHC to more than 12 crore farmers once every 2 years.
    III. The first cycle (2015-19) of the scheme is expected to be completed by July 2019.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

    a. I, II and III
    b. Only I
    c. I and II
    d. II and III

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Union Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Ministry had organised a meeting to review the progress of the flagship schemes on the Soil Health Card.

    Union Agriculture Minister pointed out that Soil Health Card (SHC) Scheme is a flagship scheme of the Government to promote the use of fertilisers based on analysis of Soil Health and enable farmers to get maximum yields at lower cost with minimum damage to the ecosystem. The central Government launched this scheme in February 2015 to provide SHC to more than 12 crore farmers once every 2 years. Comprehensive testing of soil samples on 12 parameters including the status of micro-nutrients is being carried out for each and every soil sample under the scheme. The first cycle (2015-17) of the scheme is expected to be completed by July 2017.

    3. Nine more locations in Kerala have been identified as Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs) by the BirdLife International. Consider the following statements regarding the BirdLife International:

    1) The Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs) is an area identified using an internationally agreed set of criteria as being globally important for the conservation of bird populations.
    2) BirdLife International is the official Red List Authority for birds, for the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
    3) The Bombay Natural History Society is a partner of BirdLife International.

    Which of the above statements is true?

    a. 1 and 3
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    An Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) is an area identified using an internationally agreed set of criteria as being globally important for the conservation of bird populations. The program was developed and sites are identified by BirdLife International. These sites are small enough to be entirely conserved and differ in their character, habitat or ornithological importance from the surrounding habitat.

    BirdLife International is a global partnership of conservation organisations that strives to conserve birds, their habitats and global biodiversity, working with people towards sustainability in the use of natural resources. It is the world's largest partnership of conservation organisations, with over 120 partner organisations.

    BirdLife International is the official Red List Authority for birds, for the International Union for Conservation of Nature. The Bombay Natural History Society is a partner of BirdLife International.

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    4. Which statement best describes the objective of NASA’s DART (Double Asteroid Redirection Test) Mission?

    a.  The DART mission will include striking the asteroid to shift its orbit so as to defend against a potential future asteroid impact.
    b. The DART mission will include striking the asteroid to shift its orbit so as to land on it safely.
    c. The DART mission will include striking the asteroid to shift its orbit so as to make its orbit in symmetrical with other orbital mission.
    d. None of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The Asteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission concept is an international collaboration as it will be the first demonstration of the kinetic impact technique to change the motion of an asteroid in space. AIDA is a dual-mission concept, involving two independent spacecraft that is NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART), and ESA’s Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM).

    AIDA’s primary objective is to demonstrate and to measure the effects of, a kinetic impact on a small asteroid. Its target is the binary near-Earth asteroid (65803) Didymos, which consists of a primary body approximately 800 meters across, and a secondary body whose 150-meter size is more typical of the size of asteroids that could pose a more common hazard to Earth.

    5. Consider the following statements regarding the National Agricultural Markets (e-NAM) scheme:

    I. In order to double the income of the farmers, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the National Agricultural Markets (e-NAM) scheme.
    II. The main objective of this scheme is to give farmers access to prices of different Mandis and facility to sell their products in a transparent manner to those who offer the best price.
    III. One important component of this scheme is that the farmer gets the value of his yield according to the quality as the quality is checked before the electronic bidding.

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

    a. Only I
    b. I and II
    c. II and III
    d. I, II and III

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    In order to double the income of the farmers, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the National Agricultural Markets (e-NAM) scheme on July 1, 2015, with a budget allocation of Rs.200 crore. As part of the pilot project, 21 Mandis of 8 states were linked to e-National Agricultural Markets (e-NAM) Scheme by the Prime Minister. This scheme provides an online portal to the farmers for electronic trading and provides a transparent market enabling price discovery and competition.

    Under the scheme, each Mandi is provided assistance of Rs. 30 lakh for the purpose of preparing necessary infrastructure in the integrated regulated markets. The main objective of this scheme is to give farmers access to prices of different Mandis and facility to sell their products in a transparent manner to those who offer the best price. One important component of this scheme is that the farmer gets the value of his yield according to the quality as the quality is checked before the electronic bidding.

    Current Affairs Quizzes 2017 for IAS Prelims 2018

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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