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IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 5 February 2018

Feb 5, 2018 13:04 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 5 February 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 5 February 2018

    Current affairs quizzes for IAS Exam given here are the most effective for IAS Prelims Exam. Such current affairs questions can be asked in the upcoming IAS Prelims Exam 2018 which is to be held in June 2018.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    The IAS aspirants should study current affairs on daily basis but the practice of current affairs quizzes will immensely help them to cover all the important topics for IAS Mains Exam also.

    1. ISRO is gearing up for its most challenging space mission and leaving no stone unturned to make the Chandrayaan-2 (lunar-2) mission a success. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. This time, heavy-payload lifter GSLV Mk II will launch the spacecraft weighing 3,290kg as the module will carry an orbiter, a rover and a lander to the moon.
    2. Chandraayan-2 is a challenging mission as for the first time ISRO will carry an orbiter, a lander and a rover to the moon.
    3. The launch date schedule is sometime in April from the launch pad Sriharikota.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    ISRO is gearing up for its most challenging space mission and leaving no stone unturned to make the Chandrayaan-2 (lunar-2) mission a success. Unlike the first lunar mission when a PSLV rocket carried the spacecraft to the moon's orbit, this time heavy-payload lifter GSLV Mk II will launch the spacecraft weighing 3,290kg as the module will carry an orbiter, a rover and a lander to the moon.

    Giving exclusive details about the mission, Isro chairman Dr K Sivan told TOI, "Chandraayan-2 is a challenging mission as for the first time we will carry an orbiter, a lander and a rover to the moon. The launch date schedule is sometime in April. Once the GSLV rocket carrying the spacecraft is launched from Sriharikota, the orbiter will reach the moon's orbit in one to two months. (The moon's orbit is 3, 82,000km away from the earth's surface)." After spending 14 earth days, the rover will go into a sleep mode. We are hoping the rover will again come alive whenever that part of the moon (where the rover will land) gets sunlight and recharges the rover's solar cells. Besides the rover, the orbiter will also capture images of the moon while orbiting it.

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    2. Which of the following country has launched the world's smallest rocket with the ability to put micro-satellite into orbit?
    a. India
    b. Japan
    c. USA
    d. China

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    On 3rd February 2018, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) has launched the world's smallest rocket with the ability to put a micro-satellite into orbit following a failed attempt and several postponements over the last year. The launch of the low-cost rocket — with a height of 10 metres and 53 centimetres in diameter — took place from the Uchinoura Space Centre in Kagoshima prefecture. The rocket, an improved version of JAXA's SS-520, was carrying a micro-satellite weighing three kilograms and was developed by the University of Tokyo to capture images of the Earth's surface.

    JAXA had launched the first of these rockets on January 2017, which fell into the sea after launch due to short-circuit caused by vibrations during take-off. The current launch aimed to test the ability of the Japanese aerospace agency to launch low-cost rockets that can put micro satellites into space at affordable rates against a background of growing demand from the private sector.

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    3. Which of the following Indian airport becomes world’s busiest single-runway airport?
    a. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport, Mumbai
    b. Indira Gandhi International Airport
    c. Kempegowda International Airport
    d. Chennai International Airport

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    On January 20, Mumbai airport created a new world record for single-runway operations by handling 980 arrivals and take-offs in 24 hours, or almost one flight every minute. With this, the Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International airport bettered its own feat of 974 flights in 24 hours, recorded on December 6, 2017. While Gatwick, the U.K.’s second-largest airport, remains the most efficient single-runway airport in the world, Mumbai, despite battling a severe space crunch, is now headed to achieving the four-digit mark in flight operations in a 24-hour window.

    Officials said any increase in the number of flight movements using a single runway will be a major achievement for the airport operator, Mumbai International Airport Pvt Ltd (MIAL), and the Airports Authority of India (AAI).

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    4. Recently, the Sal River was in the news as the Union Government approved a new project to control pollution in the river. Through which of the following States, the river flows through?
    a. Maharashtra
    b. Goa
    c. Karnataka
    d. Kerala

    Answer. b

    Explanation:

    In February 2018, the Union Government sanctioned a new project to control pollution in River Sal at Navelim town in Goa. The project was sanctioned by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change under the National River Conservation Plan. The project will be implemented at a cost of Rs. 61.74 crore. Both the Centre and State will share the cost on a 60:40 basis.

    Under the project, around 32 kms of sewers will be laid and sewage treatment plant of 3 million litres per day (MLD) constructed. The project is scheduled for completion by January 2021. The project will help in reduction of the pollution load in the river and improvement in its water quality.

    About Sal River

    It is a small river at Salcete in Goa. The river opens near Margao and passes through the villages of Benaulim, Navelim, Varca, Orlim, Carmona, Dramapur, Chinchinim, Assolna, Cavelossim, Mobor and drains into the Arabian Sea at Betul. Sal River has a natural harbour, ‘Kutubandh’ in Velim, Goa, meaning ‘hidden’ from the Arabian sea.

    5. Consider the following statements related to the KUSUM Scheme that was in the news recently:
    1. It seeks to encourage decentralized solar power production by farmers.
    2. The Union Government will spend Rs 48,000 crore on the scheme in a ten-year time span.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. c

    Explanation:

    The Union Government on February 2, 2018, announced to launch 1.4 lakh crore Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahaabhiyan (KUSUM) Scheme to encourage decentralized solar power production by farmers. The initiative was proposed by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in his FY 2018-19 budget speech.

    Key features of KUSUM Scheme

    • It aims for decentralized solar power production of up to 28250 MW over a period of five years.

    • The Union Government will spend Rs 48000 crore on the scheme in a ten-year time span.

    • It will provide additional income to farmers by giving them the option to sell additional power to the power grid through solar power projects set up on their barren lands.

    • It will support the financial health of distribution companies by reducing the burden of subsidy to the agriculture sector and will support the States in meeting the Renewable Purchase Obligations (RPOs) targets.

    • It will also lead to a reduction in transmission losses by promoting energy efficiency and water conservation.

    • It will provide water security to farmers through provision of assured water sources through solar water pumps, both off-grid and grid connected.

    • It will offer reliable power to utilise the irrigation potential created by state irrigation departments.

    • It will fill the void in solar power production in the intermediate range between rooftops and large parks.

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