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IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 7 February 2018

Feb 7, 2018 12:59 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 7 February 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 7 February 2018

    Current affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2018 given in this article and we are providing such questions for IAS Exam on daily basis. The IAS aspirants should practice such questions the IAS Prelims Exam 2018 which is to be held on 3 June 2018.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    The given questions for IAS Exam follow the pattern of UPSC IAS Exam. The most important topics of recent time have been picked which are also important for UPSC IAS Mains Exam as well as for the various State PCS Exams.

    1. Recently, Kolleru Lake was in the news. Identify the State, in which the lake is located?
    a. Andhra Pradesh
    b. Punjab
    c. Madhya Pradesh
    d. Kerala

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    In February 2018, Kolleru lake was in the news as the Pelican Bird Festival 2018 was held at the Atapaka Bird Sanctuary near the lake in Andhra Pradesh. In winters, thousands of pelicans and painted storks migrate to Kolleru Lake.

    About Kolleru lake

    • It is a natural eutrophic lake. It is situated between the two major river basins of the Godavari and the Krishna. It is fed by these two seasonal rivers and a number of drains and channels.

    • Kolleru Lake functions as a natural flood-balancing reservoir between the deltas of the two rivers.

    • It provides habitat for a number of resident and migratory birds, including declining numbers of the vulnerable Grey Pelican (Pelecanus Philippensis).

    • Besides, it sustains culture and capture fisheries, agriculture and related occupations of the people in the area.

    • It was declared as a wildlife sanctuary in November 1999 by the Union Government under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.

    • It was designated as a wetland of international importance in November 2002 under the Ramsar Convention.

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    2. Which of the following state has launched the Mukhya Mantri Anila Bhagya Yojane (MMABY)?
    a. Gujarat
    b. Kerala
    c. Maharashtra
    d. Haryana

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    The Union Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas had advised the Karnataka State Government to implement MMABY as a complementary Scheme of PMUY and has advised the State Government to follow the procedure of implementing the Scheme through OMCs only, being done in case of States Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Assam, Punjab and Haryana.

    Under the Anila Bhagya scheme, the state government would provide an LPG gas connection along with a gas stove and two cylinder refills to each beneficiary of the state. Through Mukhyamantri Anila Bhagya LPG Scheme, the state government will target around 15-20 lakh beneficiaries in the state. The beneficiaries can avail the scheme benefits by making registrations through online or offline modes. The application forms for the scheme would be invited through online mode and the registration process is expected to start in next 15 days.

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    3. Recently, scientists have discovered the beautifully-preserved remains of prehistoric “proto-spiders” that sported tails longer than their bodies. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. Fossil hunters found the extraordinary creatures suspended in lumps of amber that formed 100m years ago in what is now Myanmar.
    2. The ancient arachnids are described as “chimeras” after the hybrid beast of Greek mythology because they have a curious mix of primitive and modern body parts.
    3. Amber from Myanmar has been mined for thousands of years and traded with China as jewellery.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Mukhya Mantri Anila Bhagya Yojane (MMABY) is being implemented in the State of Karnataka in collaboration with Government of India. The State Government of Karnataka has earlier approached the Ministry for approval of MMABY. The Ministry had advised State Government to implement MMABY as a complementary Scheme of PMUY and has advised the State Government to follow the procedure of implementing the Scheme through OMCs only, being done in case of States Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Assam, Punjab and Haryana.

    The state government of Karnataka has launched its much awaited Mukhyamantri Anila Bhagya LPG scheme to provide an LPG connection to all BPL families of the state. Under the Anila Bhagya scheme, the state government would provide an LPG gas connection along with a gas stove and two cylinder refills to each beneficiary of the state.
    Under Mukhyamantri Anila Bhagya LPG Scheme, the state government will target around 15-20 lakh beneficiaries in the state. The beneficiaries can avail the scheme benefits by making registrations through online or offline modes. The application forms for the scheme would be invited through online mode and the registration process is expected to start in next 15 days.

    IAS Preparation Questions for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    4. Recently, the scientist has discovered massive reserves of mercury hidden in permafrost. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. Permafrost is a thick subsurface layer of soil that remains below freezing point throughout the year, occurring chiefly in Polar Regions.
    2. The recent discovery of natural mercury have significant implications for human health and ecosystems worldwide as exposure to mercury - even small amounts - can cause serious health problems.
    3. The study also reveals the northern permafrost soils are the largest reservoir of mercury on the planet, storing nearly twice as much mercury as all other soils, the ocean and the atmosphere combined.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Scientists have discovered massive reserves of mercury hidden in permafrost. Permafrost is a thick subsurface layer of soil that remains below freezing point throughout the year, occurring chiefly in Polar Regions. Researchers have discovered permafrost in the northern hemisphere stores massive amounts of natural mercury, a finding with significant implications for human health and ecosystems worldwide as exposure to mercury - even small amounts - can cause serious health problems.

    The study reveals the northern permafrost soils are the largest reservoir of mercury on the planet, storing nearly twice as much mercury as all other soils, the ocean and the atmosphere combined. In a new study, scientists measured mercury concentrations in permafrost cores from Alaska and estimated how much mercury has been trapped in permafrost north of the equator since the last Ice Age.

    5. Which of the following has become the first country to legally approve the three-parent baby technique?
    a. France
    b. China
    c. Australia
    d. United Kingdom

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    In February 2018, the Government of the United Kingdom allowed its doctors to create three-parent babies through mitochondrial donation. In fact, in December 2016, the UK has become the first country to legally approve the technique.

    Though Mexico became home to the first baby with this technique in September 2016 itself, the country has no explicit legal stance on this issue so far.
    About the 3-parent-baby technique

    • Mitochondria are structures in cells, which generate vital energy and contain their own set of genes called mDNA.

    • Mitochondrial diseases are passed through the mother and cause symptoms ranging from poor vision to diabetes and muscle wasting.

    • The technique involves in vitro fertilization of both the mother's egg and a donor egg with the father's sperm.

    • Before these two fertilised eggs begin dividing into an embryo, the unhealthy mother’s egg nucleus is replaced with the egg's nucleus of a healthy donor.

    • This gives the doctors with a fertilised egg with a healthy donor mitochondrion and the mother's DNA in the nucleus.

    • This fertilised egg with the donor’s healthy mitochondria will be implanted in the mother’s uterus.

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