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IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 22 February 2018

Feb 22, 2018 11:22 IST
    IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 22 February 2018
    IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 22 February 2018

    To clear the IAS Exam, continuous efforts to master the current affairs component are a must. To answer current affairs based questions in prelims, one should not only have the preliminary information about the current events, but also the clarity about the issues and concepts involved.

    To cater to this need of IAS Exam aspirants, Jagran Josh is providing five important Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) on a daily basis. The questions cover important current affairs events in the fields of economy, national, India-World relations, science and technology, environment, etc. Answers along with detailed explanations to the questions will help the aspirants in answering further questions on the given topic in all the phases of the exam – Preliminary, Mains written and Personality Test.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Recently, which of the following States launched the Asmita Yojana to provide cheap sanitary pads?
    a) Maharashtra
    b) Rajasthan
    c) Haryana
    d) Bihar

    Answer. a

    Explanation:

    The Maharashtra Government  announced that a new programme, Asmita Yojana, will be launched to provide cheap and subsidised sanitary pads to school girls and women. The scheme will be launched on the occasion of the International Women’s Day on March 8, 2018.

    Under the scheme, girls studying in Zilla Parishad schools will get sanitary napkin packets at Rs 5, while rural women would be able to avail it at a subsidised rate of Rs.24 and Rs.29.

    Asmita Yojana seeks to raise awareness regarding hygiene during periods among girls between the age group of 11 and 19 years and also women in general in the rural areas of Maharashtra.

    As per reports, only 17 per cent of the women in rural areas of Maharashtra use sanitary napkins. This is mainly because of high costs of sanitary pads, their unavailability in rural areas and awkwardness among women to purchase them from male chemists.

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    2. Consider the following statements related to the Agni II missile that was successfully test-fired recently.
    1) The test-fire was conducted by the Strategic Forces Command.
    2) Agni-II is a medium-range cruise missile with two solid fuel stages.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 2 only
    c) Both 1 and 2
    d) Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. a

    Explanation:

    India on February 20, 2018 successfully test-fired indigenously developed Agni-II ballistic missile at the Integrated Test Range (ITR) in the Dr. Abdul Kalam Island off the coast of Odisha. The test-fire was conducted by the Strategic Forces Command (SFC) of the Indian Army and monitored by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). The SFC is responsible for the management and administration of the country's tactical and strategic nuclear weapons stockpile. It was created in January 2003.

    About Agni-II missile

    • It is a medium-range ballistic missile with two solid fuel stages.

    • It is 20 metres long, weighs 17 tonnes and can carry a payload of up to 1000 kg.

    • It has a strike range of more than 2000 km.

    • The missile can be fitted with 150 kilotons of yield nuclear warheads in addition to chemical and high explosive versions.

    • It can be fired from both rail and road mobile launchers and it takes only 15 minutes for the missile to be readied for firing.

    • The first prototype of an operational variant of the Agni-II was tested on April 11, 1999.

    Ballistic vs. Cruise missile

    • While a ballistic missile has a ballistic (arc-like) trajectory  over most of its flight path, a cruise missile can fly in a relatively straight line. A cruise missile also has high maneuvering capability.

    • While a ballistic missile travels at higher altitudes, a cruise missile travels at lower altitudes.

    • While ballistic missiles are used for long distances, a cruise missile is used for short distances.

    • While Prithvi, Agni and Dhanush are ballistic missiles, BRAHMOS is the only known versatile supersonic cruise missile system that is in service.

    3. Recently, the Union Government has launched six new user friendly features of e-NAM Platform like Mobile App, BHARAT payment facility, etc. Against this backdrop, consider the following statements.
    1) It helps farmers in buying and selling agricultural products online.
    2) Mandis across the country are linked through e-NAM software.
    3) Its software will be provided to all the willing states without cost.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 and 2 only
    b) 2 and 3 only
    c) 1 and 3 only
    d) All of them

    Answer. d

    Explanation:

    In February 2018, the Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare Radha Mohan Singh launched six new features of e-trading platform of the National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) to make it more users friendly. The six new features are e-NAM Mobile App, BHIM payment facility, new and improved website with e-learning module, MIS dashboard, Grievance Redressal Management System for Mandi Secretaries and integration of e-NAM with Central Farmer Database.

    About e-NAM

    It was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in April 2016 on a pilot-basis. With this, the farmers can sell or buy the agricultural products online using this portal. This project will operate through an online portal which is being linked to the mandis of the States. Its software will be provided to all the willing states without cost.

    A knowledgeable person will be deployed for one year in every mandi to facilitate the smooth functioning of the portal. Under this Project, Union Government is providing a grant of 30 lakh rupees to the proposed agriculture mandis of the states. The farmers will be provided farmer helpline services 24X7 for obtaining information related to this portal.

    4. NER’s first regional Centre for Agriculture is going to be inaugurated in Mizoram with collaboration with which of the following which of the following countries?
    a) USA
    b) Israel
    c) Iran
    d) Japan

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    A Centre for Agriculture, with collaboration of Israeli expertise, is going to be inaugurated in Mizoram on 7th March this year. This will be the first such centre in the North East region of India that is being established with Israeli collaboration, he added. Set up with a cost of Rs 8-10 crore, this centre is exclusively for processing of citrus fruits. The project has been set up with the tripartite collaboration of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India, Government of Israel and State Government of Mizoram. Israel will provide expertise knowledge and professional support. Though located in Mizoram, this centre will cater to the whole north east. There are 22 such operational centres in India including in the states of Haryana, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Punjab. The first centre was established in 2008 in Haryana. He said that in the long run, Israel wants to establish one such centre in each state.

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    5. For the first time, UNICEF has come out with rankings based on their newborn mortality rate (the number of deaths per 1,000 live births). Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1) India ranks 12th among 52 low-middle income countries having highest infant mortality rates with over 6 lakh children dying within the first month of their birth in 2016.
    2) With the neonatal mortality rate being recorded at 25.4 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2016, India ranked below Sri Lanka (127), Bangladesh (54), Nepal (50) and Bhutan (60) but was above Pakistan.
    3) As per the report, Babies born in Japan, Iceland and Singapore have the best chance of survival, while newborns in Pakistan, the Central African Republic and Afghanistan face the worst odds.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a) 1 only
    b) 1 and 2
    c) 2 and 3
    d) 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    India ranks 12th among 52 low-middle income countries having highest infant mortality rates with over 6 lakh children dying within the first month of their birth in 2016, a report by the United Nations Children’s Fund says.

    With the neonatal mortality rate being recorded at 25.4 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2016, India ranked below Sri Lanka (127), Bangladesh (54), Nepal (50) and Bhutan (60) but was above Pakistan, which was ranked among the lowest in the list with 45.6 deaths per 1,000 live births, according to the report released on February 19.
    Babies born in Japan, Iceland and Singapore have the best chance of survival, while newborns in Pakistan, the Central African Republic and Afghanistan face the worst odds, the report stated.

    India’s progress has been far better than the world’s, the global decline in the under-five mortality during the MDG period was 55%, the official said, adding the number of annual under-five deaths in India has gone below one million for the first time in 2016.

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