CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2020-21 (Revised & Reduced By 30%)

Students of CBSE Class 12 having Geography as one of their subjects can check the latest revised CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2020-21. One can also download this syllabus in PDF format from here.

Created On: Nov 25, 2020 16:18 IST
CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus
CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus

Learn revised CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2020-21 & download it is PDF format. Link to download CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Geography subject is given at the end of this article. In this article, you will also get complete details about the practical work of CBSE Class 12 Geography. Details about recommended books for Geography subject are also available here. The important portion of CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus is given below

Also Check: Deleted CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2020-21: Applicable for CBSE Academic Session 2020-21!

CBSE Sample Paper 2021 (New) for Class 12 Board Exams & CBSE Class 12 Marking Scheme - Download PDF Now!

CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2020-21 (Revised & Reduced By 30%)





Fundamentals of Human Geography

35 Marks


Unit 1: Human Geography







Unit 2: People


Unit 3: Human Activities


Unit 4: Human settlements


Map Work



India: People and Economy

35 Marks


Unit 1: People







Unit 2: Human Settlements


Unit 3: Resources and Development


Unit 5: Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems


Map Work




70 Marks


Practical Work in Geography Part II

30 Marks


Unit 1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping



Practical Record Book and Viva Voce




Part A:


Fundamentals of Human Geography


Unit 1:


Human Geography: Nature and Scope


Unit 2:




Population-distribution, density and growth


Population change-spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change


Population Composition - age-sex pyramid; rural-urban composition


Human  development  -  concept;  selected  indicators,  international comparisons



Unit 3:


Human Activities


Primary activities - concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, subsistence agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agricultural and allied activities - some examples from selected countries


Tertiary activities-concept; trade, transport and tourism; services; people engaged in tertiary activities - some examples from selected countries


Quaternary activities-concept; people engaged in quaternary activities

- case study from selected countries


Unit 4:


Human Settlements


Settlement types - rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution of mega cities; problems of human settlements in developing countries

Map Work  on identification of features based on 1-5  units on the  outline Physical/Political map of World.


Part B:


India: People and Economy


Unit 1:




Population:   distribution,   density   and   growth;   composition   of population - linguistic, religious; sex, rural-urban and occupational- regional variations in growth of population


Migration: international, national-causes and consequences Human development: selected indicators and regional patterns Population, environment and development


Unit 2:


Human Settlements


Rural settlements - types and distribution


Urban settlements - types, distribution and functional classification


Unit 3:


Resources and Development


Water resources-availability and utilization-irrigation, domestic, industrial  and  other  uses;  scarcity  of  water  and  conservation methods-rain water harvesting and watershed management

Mineral and energy resources- distribution of metallic (Iron ore, Copper, Bauxite, Manganese); non-metallic (Mica, Salt) minerals; conventional (Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas and Hydroelectricity) and non-conventional energy sources (solar, wind, biogas) and conservation


Planning in India- target group area planning (case study); idea of sustainable development (case study)



Unit 5:


Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems


Environmental pollution; urban-waste disposal


Urbanization, rural-urban migration; problems of slums


Land degradation


Map work on locating and labeling of features based on above units on outline map of India.


Part C:


Practical Work in Geography Part II


Unit 1:


Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping


Type and Sources of data: Primary, Secondary and other sources


Tabulating and processing of data; calculation of averages, measures of central tendency


Representation of data- construction of diagrams: bars, circles and flowchart;   thematic   maps;   construction   of   dot;   choropleth   and isopleths maps


Data analysis and generation of diagrams, graphs and other visual diagrams using computers

Prescribed Books:

Fundamentals of Human Geography, Class XII, Published byNCERT India - People and Economy, Class XII, Published by NCERT

Practical Work in Geography Part II, Class XII, Published byNCERT

Note: The above textbooks are also available in Hindi medium. 

Map Items for identification only on outline political map of the World.

Fundamentals of Human Geography 

Class XII - Textbook I (NCERT)   






Ch. 2 to 4


The largest country in each continent in terms of area


Ch. 5 to 7


Areas of subsistence gathering


Primary Activities


Major areas of nomadic herding of the world




Major areas of commercial livestock rearing




Major areas of extensive commercial grain faming




Major areas of mixed farming of the World


Unit - 5


Ch. 10



Mega cities of the world – Tokyo, Delhi, Shanghai, Mumbai, Sao Paulo

India - People and Economy

Class XII-Textbook II (NCERT)

Map Items for locating and labeling only on the outline political map of India 

Units - 1 & 2

Ch. 1 to 4

•    State with highest level of urbanization and lowest level of




•    One state with highest level of HDI & One lowest level of HDI



    State with highest level of population density & one state with lowest level of population density (2011)



    Any city with more than 10 million population – Greater Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru

Unit - 3

Ch. 5 to 9

Leading producing states of the following crops:



(a) Rice (b) Wheat (c) Cotton (d) Jute (e) Sugarcane (f) Tea and (g) Coffee






• Iron-ore mines: Mayurbhanj, Bailadila, Ratnagiri, Bellary



• Manganese mines: Balaghat, Shimoga



• Copper mines: Hazaribagh, Singhbhum, Khetari



• Bauxite mines: Katni, Bilaspur and Koraput



• Coal mines: Jharia, Bokaro, Raniganj, Neyveli



• Oil Refineries: Mathura, Jamnager, Barauni

Download CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus (Reduced) 2020-21 (Released on 7th July)

CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus: 2020-21 1 (April)

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