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IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 1 March 2018

Mar 1, 2018 11:56 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 1 March 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims 1 March 2018

    To cater to this need of IAS Exam aspirants, Jagran Josh is providing five important Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) on a daily basis. The questions cover important current affairs events in the fields of economy, national, India-World relations, science and technology, environment, etc. Answers along with detailed explanations to the questions will help the aspirants in answering further questions on the given topic in all the phases of the exam – Preliminary, Mains written and Personality Test.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. India ranked 47th out of 86 nations in the Inclusive Internet Index 2018. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The report ranked India at the 47th position when it comes to inclusive Internet and connectivity for all due to low usage and poor quality.
    2. Among the Asian nations, India featured in the middle at the 12th position from a total of 23.
    3. The top five in the list included Sweden at the 1st position followed by Singapore, the United States, Denmark and South Korea.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    India was ranked 47th out of 86 nations in the Inclusive Internet Index 2018, which was released by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) on February 26, 2018.
    The EIU was commissioned by social media giant Facebook. This year's index covered 91 per cent of the world's population and an expanded data set of 86 countries, up from 75 countries in 2017.

    Key highlights of the ranking:

    • The report ranked India at the 47th position when it comes to inclusive Internet and connectivity for all due to low usage and poor quality.

    • Among the Asian nations, India featured in the middle at the 12th position from a total of 23.

    • India was placed at or near the top of the lower-middle-income bracket on most indicators, except for availability, where it was ranked 13th out of 23.

    • India’s position is compromised by low usage and poor quality despite relatively strong infrastructure.

    • The top five in the list included Sweden at the 1st position followed by Singapore, the United States, Denmark and South Korea.

    • The bottom five in the list included Congo at the 86th position followed closely by Malawi, Madagascar, Liberia and Burkina Faso.

     

    2. Which of the following mobile network provider to install 4G network on the moon in 2019 to assist lunar rovers?
    a. Airtel
    b. Vodafone
    c. MTNL
    d. Idea

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    The mobile network provider Vodafone is planning to install 4G network on the moon in 2019. The network to support a private lunar rover mission by PTScientists, a private space company based in Berlin, which plans to launch a lander and two small rovers to the moon on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket.

    The German branch of the multinational telecommunication company has teamed up with Nokia to do the mission. The moon rover plan aims to study the lunar rover used by the Apollo astronauts during their historic landing in December 1972. The PTScientists said their team is committed to bringing down the cost of space exploration and democratising access to the moon. To help them achieve it, Nokia will create a space-grade Ultra Compact Network that is said to be the lightest ever developed - weighing around one kg, the same as a bag of sugar, according to the statement.

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    3. Recently, CSIR-NIO Goa announced the discovery of methane gas flares in which of the following basins in India?
    a. Krishna Godavari basin in Bay of Bengal
    b. Narmada Basin
    c. Mahanadi Basin
    d. Brahmani and Baitarni Basin

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Goa announced the discovery of methane gas flares and active cold seeps from the seabed in the Krishna Godavari basin in the Bay of Bengal. The seep sites are distributed over a water depth of 900 metres to 1900 metres. These sites are characterized by high concentrations of hydrogen sulphide, calcium carbonate, unique faunal groups and shallow presence of methane hydrates. The discovery has put India on the global map of cold seeps and is a landmark finding in the history of gas hydrates in the country.

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    4. Consider the following statements related to ‘Action Plan for Champion Sectors in Services’ that was approved recently by the Union Cabinet:
    1. In all, 12 Champion Services Sectors were identified for focused attention.
    2. A dedicated fund of Rs. 5000 crore will be set up to support the initiatives under the action plan.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer. c

    Explanation:

    On February 28, 2018, the Union Cabinet approved the proposal of the Department of Commerce to give focused attention to 12 identified Champion Services Sectors for promoting their development and realizing their potential. The 12 identified Champion Services Sectors are  Information Technology & Information Technology enabled Services (IT & ITeS), Tourism and Hospitality Services, Medical Value Travel, Transport and Logistics Services, Accounting and Finance Services, Audio Visual Services, Legal Services, Communication Services, Construction and Related Engineering Services, Environmental Services, Financial Services and Education Services.

    A dedicated fund of Rs. 5000 crore has been proposed to be established to support initiatives for the sectoral Action Plans of the Champion Sectors.This initiative will enhance the competitiveness of India's service sectors through the implementation of focused and monitored action plans, thereby promoting Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth, creating more jobs and promoting exports to global markets.

    IAS Exam 2018: All You Need Know

    5. Consider the following statements related to the Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2018 that was recently approved by the Union Cabinet:
    1. Designated courts will be set up in each block for the speedy trial of the cases.
    2. National Anti-Trafficking Bureau will be set up to coordinate with authorities in other countries.
    3. Punishment for human traffickers ranges from 10 years rigorous imprisonment to life.

    Which of the above statements is/are true?
    a. 1 and 2 only
    b. 2 and 3 only
    c. 1 and 3 only
    d. All of them

    Answer. c

    Explanation:

    On February 28, 2018, the Union Cabinet gave its approval for the Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2018. As per the bill, designated courts will be set up in each district for the speedy trial of the cases.

    Key features of the Bill

    • It addresses the issue of trafficking from the point of view of prevention, rescue and rehabilitation.

    • Aggravated forms of trafficking, which includes trafficking for the purpose of forced labour, begging, trafficking by administering chemical substance or hormones on a person for the purpose of early sexual maturity, trafficking of a woman or child for the purpose of marriage or under the pretext of marriage or after marriage etc. are covered under the bill.

    • It has provisions for time-bound trial and repatriation of the victims.

    • The victims are entitled to interim relief immediately within 30 days to address their physical, mental trauma, etc. Further appropriate relief will be provided within 60 days from the date of filing of charge sheet.

    • Rehabilitation Fund will be set up for the physical, psychological and social well-being of the victim including education, skill development, health care/psychological support, legal aid and safe accommodation.

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