Engineering is the most popular career option in India. It is often said that 'In India, You Become an Engineer First and Then Figure What to Do with Your Life'. While, at first, it may come across as a joke, this is the reality as far as selection of engineering specialization is concerned. Picking the right engineering specialization is critical to building a successful career as an engineer. So, let’s find out which are the top 5 engineering specializations in India and key information about them including the career prospects that they offer.
5. Chemical Engineering
Traditionally, Chemical Engineering has been a very popular engineering specialization, thanks to the nature of the subject and the career opportunities it offers. However, in the last few years, the perception of students towards this engineering specialization has undergone a massive change; thanks to the emergence of new sub-domains and innovative career prospects that it offers.
As a study field, it concerns itself with the engineering of chemicals and identification of processes to convert chemicals into useful end products. During the course of study, you learn about different chemicals, polymers, petroleum products, pharmaceuticals etc. You'll also be taught the use of computers and information technology for the development of new and improved chemical engineering processes. For students, who possess an inclination toward organic and inorganic chemistry, this course is a perfect fit for the rewarding career opportunities that it offers.
4. Electrical engineering
Can you try and imagine your life without electricity? No, right! Electricity has become an inescapable part of our life. If you have become dependent on the latest technological innovations like TVs, laptops and smartphones; you must thank electrical engineers for it.
Electrical Engineering is another core-engineering field that has been popular among Indian engineering aspirants. The subject deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. Simply put, the specialization is all about the design, development and maintenance of electrical systems through study of power, control systems, electronics, signal processing, telecommunications and others. With new technological developments, several new sub-domains and study streams of electrical engineering have also emerged such as Mechatronics.
One of the key reasons behind the rising popularity of electrical engineering as a specialization is the job opportunities it offers. After earning a B.Tech in Electrical Engineering, students can get placed with top tech firms like Wipro, Infosys, Accenture, NTPC, SAIL and ONGC, to name a few.
3. Civil engineering
Civil engineering is one of the oldest disciplines of engineering. It deals with the designing, planning, construction, maintenance and operation of large-scale infrastructure projects which include roads, buildings, bridges etc.
A specialized course in civil engineering will equip you with the knowledge and training to develop large scale infrastructure projects with minimal interference to environment and people. The field is divided into multiple disciplines which include architectural engineering, environmental engineering, structural engineering, construction engineering etc. Civil engineering is often termed as an evergreen discipline of engineering as infrastructural development is integral part of the development of any country. The course in Civil Engineering is an apt choice for students with an interest in the fields of construction, infrastructure, and architecture of large-scale buildings.
2. Mechanical Engineering
Another core engineering discipline is Mechanical engineering. It deals with the design, analysis, manufacturing and maintenance of mechanical systems.The discipline uses principles of engineering, material science and physics for the design, development, assessment, manufacturing and maintenance of mechanical systems. In terms of scope, this is also the widest fields of engineering that covers everything ranging from automobiles to construction to software industry.
Over the years, a number of sub-fields have emerged from it like marine engineering, metallurgical engineering etc to meet the needs of the industry. It is also termed as an evergreen field because there always are plenty of opportunities in this field irrespective of the varying market trends. A mechanical engineer can find good job opportunities in organisations like ISRO, DRDO, Indian railways, popular automobile companies etc.
1. Computer Science Engineering
Computer Science Engineering is one of the most sought-after engineering disciplines in the country. The course attracts a lot of engineering aspirants every year as its career-oriented nature offer students plenty of job opportunities post successful completion of their graduation. The rise in the startup culture has also aided the growing popularity of this course among students. As a computer science engineering student, one learns about computer graphics, computer theory, programming languages, operating systems, software testing etc. Students pursuing this course learn and gain knowledge of design, implementation, and management of information systems of both hardware and software. This field offers work opportunities in dream companies such as Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Apple Inc, Infosys, Dell Inc, etc.
So if you plan to become an engineer, best to figure out which of these 5 top specializations are you most inclined to. Do this so:
“You don’t become an Engineer First and Then Figure What to Do with Your Life'
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