UPSC IAS Mains 2020: Manipuri Literature Optional Syllabus

UPSC: UPSC offers 28 language literature subjects as optional. Manipuri is one of these languages. Check here the detailed Syllabus of Manipuri Literature optional for UPSC IAS Mains 2020. 

Updated: Nov 24, 2020 17:47 IST
UPSC IAS Mains 2020: Manipuri Literature Optional Syllabus
UPSC IAS Mains 2020: Manipuri Literature Optional Syllabus

UPSC:  UPSC offers Manipuri as an optional subject in the UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam. Included in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India, Manipuri is a Tibeto-Burman language used in the state of Manipur in North East India. The syllabus for this subject includes the importance of the Manipuri language, its history, and development as well as its linguistic features. It also includes important works from ancient, medieval, and modern literature. UPSC IAS Mains optional includes two optional papers of 250 marks each. Candidates who have studied Manipuri throughout school and college or have learnt it as their native language should opt for this subject. Below is the detailed syllabus of both papers of Manipuri literature optional subject. 

Also Check: UPSC Mains - Detailed Syllabus for all Optional Papers

UPSC Optional Syllabus for Manipuri Literature Paper I

Section A


a) General characteristics of Manipuri Language and history of its development; its importance and status among the Tibeto-Burman Languages of North-East India; recent development in the study of Manipuri language; evolution and study of old Manipuri script.

b) Significant features of Manipuri language:

i) Phonology-Phoneme-vowels, consonants juncture, tone, consonant cluster and its occurrence, syllable-its structure, pattern, and types.

ii) Morphology: Word-class, root and its types; affix and its types; grammatical categories-gender, number, person, case, tense and aspects, process of compounding (samas and sandhi).

iii) Syntax: Word order: types of sentences, phrases and clause structures.

Section B

a) Literary History of Manipuri :

Early period (upto 17th century)-Social and cultural background; Themes, diction and style of the works.

Medieval period (18th and 19th century)- Social, religious and political background; Themes, diction and style of the works.

Modern period-Growth of major literary forms; change of Themes, diction and style.

b) Manipuri Folk Literature :

Legend, Folktale, Folksong, Ballad, Proverb and Riddle.

c) Aspects of Manipuri Culture :

Pre-Hindu Manipuri Faith; Advent of Hinduism and the process of syncretism.

Performing arts-Lai Haraoba, Maha Ras; Indigenous games-Sagol Kangjei, Khong Kangjei, Kang.

UPSC Optional Syllabus for Manipuri Literature Paper-II

Answers must be written in Manipuri.

This paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate's critical ability to assess them.

Section A: Old and Medieval Manipuri Literature

a) Old Manipuri Literature

O. Bhogeswar Singh (Ed.): Numit Kappa

M. Gourachandra Singh (Ed.): Thawanthaba Hiran

N. Khelchandra Singh (Ed.): Naothingkhong Phambal Kaba

M. Chandra Singh (Ed.): Panthoibi Khonggul

b) Medieval Manipuri Literature:

M. Chandra Singh (Ed.): Samsok Ngamba

R.K.Snahal Singh (Ed.): Ramayana Adi Kanda

N. Khelchandra SIngh (Ed.): Dhananjoy Laibu Ningba

O. Bhogeswar Singh (Ed.): Chandrakirti Jila Changba

Section B: Modern Manipuri Literature 

a) Poetry and Epic :

(I) Poetry 

a) Manipuri Sheireng (Pub) Manipuri Sahitya Parishad, 1988 (ed.)

Kh. Chaoba Singh : Pi Thadoi, Lamgi Chekla Amada, Loktak

Dr. L. Kamal Singh : Nirjanata, Nirab Rajani

Minaketan Singh : Kamalda, Nonggumlakkhoda

Samarendra Singh : Ingagi Nong, Mamang Leikai Thambal Satle

Nilakanta Singh : Manipur, Lamangnaba

Shri Biren : Tangkhul Hui

Th. Ibopishak : Anouba Thunglaba Jiba

b) Kanchi Sheireng. (Pub) Manipur University 1998 (ed.)

Dr. L. Kamal Singh : Biswa-Prem

Shri Biren : Chaphadraba Laigi Yen

Th. Ibopishak : Norok Patal Prithivi

(II) Epic:

A. Dorendrajit Singh : Kansa Bodha

H. Anganghal Singh : Khamba-Thoibi Sheireng (San-Senba, Lei Langba, Shamu Khonggi Bichar)

(III) Drama :

S. Lalit Singh : Areppa Marup

G.C. Tongbra : Matric Pass

A. Samarendra : Judge Sahebki Imung

b) Novel, Short-story and Prose :

(I) Novel :

Dr. L. Kamal Singh : Madhabi

H. Anganghal Singh : Jahera

H. Guno Singh : Laman

Pacha Meetei : Imphal Amasung, Magi Ishing, Nungsitki Phibam

(II) Short-story :

a) Kanchi Warimacha (Pub) Manipur University 1997 (ed.)

R.K. Shitaljit Singh : Kamala Kamala

M.K. Binodini : Eigi Thahoudraba Heitup Lalu

Kh. Prakash : Wanom Shareng

b) Parishadki Khangatlaba Warimacha (Pub) Manipuri Sahitya Parishad 1994 (ed.)

Nilbir Shastri : Loukhatpa

R.K. Elangba : Karinunggi

c) Anouba Manipuri Warimacha (Pub) The Cultural Forum Manipur 1992 (ed.)

Kunjamohon Singh : Ijat Tanba

Dinamani : Nongthak Khongnang

(III) Prose :

a) Warenggi Saklon [Due Part (Pub) The Cultural Forum Manipur 1992 (ed.)

Kh. Chaoba Singh : Khamba-Thoibigi Wari Amasung Mahakavya

b) Kanchi Wareng (Pub) Manipur University 1998 (ed.)

Manisana Shastri : Phajaba

Ch. Manihar Singh : Lai-Haraoba

c) Apunba Wareng. (Pub) Manipur University, 1986 (ed.)

Ch. Pishak Singh : Samaj Amasung, Sanskriti

M.K. Binodini : Thoibidu Warouhouida

Eric Newton: Kalagi Mahousa (translated by I.R. Babu)

d) Manipuri Wareng (Pub) The Cultural Forum Manipur 1999 (ed.)

Krishnamohan Singh: Lan

Aspirants should always keep a copy of the Optional Syllabus with them as the syllabus is the guiding light for preparation. Mark keywords and restrict your preparation as per the syllabus mentioned. You can also check previous year papers for a better understanding of the kind of questions asked from Manipuri Literature optional in previous years.

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