European Commission (EC)
The European Commission (EC) is the administrating body of the European Union whose prime function is to propose legislation, implement decisions and uphold the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
It is established on January 16, 1958 as institution that represents the interests of the European Union as a whole (EU Member States and 139 Delegations across the globe). Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium, and some services also in Luxembourg.
Powers and Functions of European Commission (EC)
1. Propose legislation which is then adopted by the co-legislators, the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers
2. Enforce European law (where necessary with the help of the Court of Justice of the EU)
3. Set a objectives and priorities for action, outlined yearly in the Commission Work Programme and work towards delivering them
4. Manage and implement EU policies and the budget
5. Represent the Union outside Europe (negotiating trade agreements between the EU and other countries).
Team of EC Commissioners
The team of EC Commissioners are 28 (one from each EU Member State) who are appointed every five years. The candidate for President of the Commission is proposed to the European Parliament by the European Council that decides by qualified majority and taking into account the elections to the European Parliament. The Commission President is then elected by the European Parliament by a majority of its component members (which corresponds to at least 376 out of 751 votes).
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