The International Day of Non-Violence is observed on 2 October, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi. He was the leader of the Indian independence association and pioneer of the beliefs and policy of non-violence.
He was the leader of the Indian independence association and pioneer of the beliefs and policy of non-violence. His parents sent him to England to study law in 1888. Here he gained special interest in nonviolence and spirituality.
Meaning of Non-Violence
The theory of non-violence, also known as non-violent conflict, disallows the use of physical violence in order to accomplish social or political transform. Often exemplified as "the politics of regular people", this outward appearance of social fight back has been adopted by throng population all over the world in campaign for social justice. At the same time as non-violence is recurrently used as a synonym for pacifism, since the middle of twentieth century the expression non-violence has been promoted for social change.
There are three main grouping of non-violence stroke:
• disapproval and affiliation, including protest marches and vigils;
• non-cooperation; and
• non-violent intrusion, such as barricades and professions
He is remembered for his inputs towards India’s freedom and for allocating with the humanity a doctrine for dealing with prejudice and dissonance.
He educated people with the values of Ahimsa, which persuades the use of non-violence as a contrivance for the serene resolution of divergences. India adds its freedom on August 15, 1947, through Gandhi’s efforts. He was assassinated on January 30, 1948.
Gandhi, has been the stimulation for non-violent movements for civil rights and social change from corner to corner in the world. All the way through his life, Gandhi was dedicated to his belief of non-violence under dictatorial setting and in the front of overwhelming challenges.
The remarkable Salt March of 1930, lead by Gandhi was a try to use non-violence to attain a passive society. He alleged that Indians must not use brutality in their wrestle for freedom from exploitation.
This day is a juncture to broadcast the significance of non-violence, together with education and public wakefulness. The order reiterates the widespread of belief and to protect culture of harmony, lenience, sympathy and non-violence.
In a resolution passed in the General Assembly on behalf of 140 co-sponsors, India’s Minister of State for External Affairs, Mr. Anand Sharma launched and said that the ample finance of the resolution was a sign of the universal respect for Mahatma Gandhi and his philosophy. In the late leader’s own words "Non-violence is the greatest force at the disposal of mankind. It is mightier than the mightiest weapon of destruction devised by the ingenuity of man".
Acknowledgement by UN
In 2007, the UN General Assembly came up with a resolution to launch the International Day of Non-Violence. This calendar day intended to broaden the meaning of non-violence, through education and public awareness. The resolution reflected universal respect for Gandhi and his philosophy. The first International Day of Non-Violence was on October 2, 2007.
Activities observed on 2nd October
International Day of Non-Violence is celebrated through various actions and activities such as news articles and contests to promote the day, community lectures, seminars, and journalist conferences about non-violence. Picture exhibitions are held that highlight various social issues.
To promote non-violence, street plays or speeches by eminent personalities are conducted .Prayer meetings of different faiths are held.
The International Day of Non-Violence has tough associations with the mechanism and methods of great leader Mahatma Gandhi, who is known as India’s “Father of the Nation”