International/World Current Affairs 2012. Barack Obama, the leader of Democratic Party on 7 November 2012 was re-elected as the President of USA. Obama defeated the Republican Challenger, Mitt Romney in the U.S. Presidential Elections 2012 by winning over 332 votes as compared to the 206 votes of Mitt Romney of all the votes declared by the Electoral College declared. Obama was successful in getting around 74000 more votes than the competitor, Mitt Romney out of the eight million votes casted during the Presidential Elections.
The elections were conducted on 6th November 2012 and this was the 57th quadrennial presidential election for the United States.
The two, Obama and Romney won 50 percent and 48.1 percent of votes respectively. 53 members in the Senate were from Democratic Party, whereas 45 are from Republican Party. In the House of Representatives, the lead went in the way of Republican Party with 232 seats and the Democratic Party was successful in securing 191 seats. Mitt Romney tied with the President Obama at 49 percent of the Popular Votes.
After the win, Obama declared that the best is yet to come for America and he to take care of the greatest challenges faced by the country he also called for bipartisan support (bipartisanship can be defined as a political situation, where the there exists a context of two political parties, where one of the opposing party finds common grounds by making compromises).
The Republican Party has lost four Presidential elections of the six Presidential contests and the two won by them was just with narrow margins. At the same time, President Obama, by being back has proved that in the period of austerity and crisis also, an incumbent can survive.
President Obama was successful in winning over the eight of the nine swing states including Florida, Ohio, Wisconsin, New Hampshire, Virginia, Colorado and Nevada. He only lost from the seat of North Carolina.
Apart from the sluggishness in economic growth, witnessed by the America in past few years there were five main pointers on which debates were done and the Presidential Election was fought and it included Health, Women’s Right, Tax, Environment and Same Sex Marriage. One major challenge that lies behind the President, Barack Obama to deal with is to get rid of unemployment as; America registered an unemployment rate of 7.9 percent in October 2012.
Opinions of both the leaders on all the five topics:
|Issues||Barack Obama||Mitt Romney|
|Health||Would ask the insurance company to insure everyone, and will bring down the cost of treatment||Has already played a role on issues of health care while being a Governor of Massachusetts. If won, concentrated at taking out the hidden truths of Obamacare|
|Same Sex Marriage||He will permit the same sex marriage||He disliked gay marriages and have obstructed such things from the society|
|Women’s Right||Permitted Abortions at will of the women||He stood against the issue of Abortions|
|Taxes||Will raise taxes for Rich people to increase funds in Governments account to help poor and middle class people||Would have decreased taxes put forward to Rich people which would have resulted in growth of profits and in return increased number of employment opportunities in the country|
|Environment||Obama pointed out that he has already made investments of $80 billion for development of new energy mechanisms, by 2016, all the cars in America would give an average mileage of 35.5 miles per gallons||Romney belief lied in Global Warming, but he would have made zero investments in controlling and curbing the Carbon Dioxide emissions|
Ami Bera- the third Indian-American in the U.S. House of Representatives
Dr. Ami Bera is third Indian-American ever to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. The 45 years old Bera took a lead of 184 votes against Dan Lungren, the Republican rival from the seventh Congressional District of California. Before Bera, two Indians to be elected for the US House of Representatives include Dalip Singh Saund in the 1950s and Bobby Jindal was the House member before being elected to be the Governor of Louisiana from 2005 to 2008.
Except Dr. Bera, five more Indian-Americans namely Dr. Syed Taj, Dr. Manan Trivedi, Upendra Chivukula and Jack Uppala and Ricky Gill, were candidates, who lost from their seats in the US elections. Except Ricky Gill all the other four were from Democratic Party.
Dr. Syed Taj, who was a representative from Democratic Party, is the younger brother of Syed Shahbuddin and he basically belongs from Bihar. He lost in the tough fight against his opponent K Bentivolio from the seat of Michigan's 11th Congressional District.
Tulsi Gabbard-First Hindu-American to be in the House
Tulsi-Gabbard is the first Hindu-American to enter the U.S. House of Representatives. She defeated the Republican rival K. Crowley from the Hawaii seat in the one-sided contest. Tulsi doesn’t belong to the Indian Heritage and is not an Indian. She is a daughter to the Catholic Father Mike Gabbard, who at present is serving as the Senator from the Hawaii State and her mother Carol Porter Gabbard, who is a Hindu is an educator and a business owner in Hawaii.
• Before Obama, Bill Clinton was the Democratic Party Representative to serve White House for continuous two terms after World War II.
• Obama is the first President after the wars to be re-elected in the office with an unemployment rate of 7.4 percent in the country.
• Obama in the last Presidential Elections of 2008 won 349 votes, which was higher than the votes he secured in the Presidential Elections of 2012.
History of US elections of 223 years: In the 223 years history of US Presidential Elections only eight Presidents contesting elections being in the White House lost the elections
Portfolio of Barack Obama (Democratic Party Representative) and Mitt Romney (Republican Party Representative)
|Barack Obama||Mitt Romney|
|• Juris Doctor from Howard Law School
• B.A. from Colombia University
|• MBA from Howard Business School
• Juris Doctor from Howard Law School
• B.A. from Birmingham Young University/Stanford University
Books written by Obama: Dreams of My Father (1995), The Audacity of Hope (2006), Of the I Sing (2008)
Books written by Mitt Romney: Turnaround: Crisis, Leadership and the Olympic Games (2004), No Apology: the Cause for American Greatness (2010)
Presidential Elections in America and its Process
Article 2 Section 1 of the US Constitution states that the executive Power of the Nation is vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice-President chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows:
In USA the executive power is vested on the President, who holds the office for a term of four years with a vice-President, who is elected along with him for the same term.
Every state appoints in such a manner that the legislature thereof may direct a number of electors that is equal to the whole number of representatives and senators to which the state if entitled in the congress. No Senator or Representative, holding any office of Profit or Trust under United States can be appointed as an Elector.
The Electors meet in their respective state and vote for two persons via ballot of which one person must not be an inhabitant of the same state. A list of all persons voted for must be made and the number of votes to every person by signing and certifying, the list is then sealed for transmission to the Seat of the Government of United States, which is directed to the Senate’s President. The President of the Senate opens all the certificates and the votes are counted in presence of the Senates and the House of Representatives. The person, who receives maximum votes, is elected as a President only when, the derived numbers meets the majority mark of the whole number of the electors appointed. In case the results bring out more than one person with majority or an equal number of votes than the House of Representatives can choose by ballot, one of them as the President that to with immediate effect.
In case situation occurs, when none of the members have been successful in winning the majority than the House of Representatives can choose any one among the five with highest number of votes as the President. But in this situation, Votes need to be taken by the states and the representation of the states with one vote. The quorum (gathering of the minimal number of members of an organization to conduct business) made for this purpose comprises a Member/Members from two-thirds of the States, along with the Majority of all the States is necessary to a Choice.
In case after election of the President, the Person with maximum number of votes is elected as the Vice-President, but in case of two or more persons remains available with the same number of votes, then the Senate is responsible for choosing the Vice–President from them but by the process of Ballot (In 12th Amendment the clause in parentheses was superseded). A Natural born Citizen of United States or a Citizen of the United States at time of Adoption of the Constitution can only eligible to the President’s Office and the person must have attended the age of thirty-five years, with at least fourteen years of residence in United States.
In U.S. the Presidential elections are conducted after every four years and the count of this quadrennial election process started from 1972, on the Election Day that is on the Tuesday that falls in between 2 November to 8 November of the election year. The Next U.S. elections would be held on 8 November 2016 i.e. the Tuesday.
Obama’s re-election and its effects
Re-election of Barack Obama as the US President would surely effect the world economy by the decisions which would be taken by him to bring up employment opportunities and take America out of the economic sluggishness. The most prevalent questions that may occur by the time, dust of celebrations sets down, is how Obama would deal with the fiscal cliff and the federal debt. Will the group of policies which includes the increase on tax to cut the massive spending by the Government, which can come into existence by January 2013, in case both the parties, Democratic and Republicans fails to arrive to a conclusion of how to reduce the federal debt. Finding a solution to the fiscal cliff would also be a big challenge to the incumbent President of USA and in case the President fails to answer to the requirements its sure that the US economy that is improving may be dragged back to the mode of recession like the European crisis.