The Upper House of the Parliament, Rajya Sabha on 2 September 2013 passed the National Food Security Bill 2013, the aim of which is to provide subsidised foodgrains to 2/3rd population of India as their right. The bill is expected to benefit 82 crore people of India. The National Food Security Bill 2013 was approved by Rajya Sabha via the voice vote.
The Union Cabinet, headed by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, on 19 March 2013 approved the National Food Security Bill. Lok Sabha on 26 August 2013 passed the National Food Security Bill 2013. The Bill was adopted by the House through a voice vote after a day-long debate.
Objective of the National Food Security Bill 2013
The primary objective of the National Food Security Bill 2013 is to provide for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach. This will be done by ensuring access to adequate quantify of quality food at affordable prices to people so that they can live a life with dignity and matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
Primary Features of the National Food Security Bill 2013
• National Food Security Bill 2013 will guarantee 5 kg of rice, wheat and coarse cereals per month per person at 3, 2 and 1 Rupees respectively.
• The Bill will enable India to join the selected set of nations which guarantee foodgrains to majority of its population.
• The Food Security Programme launched under the National Food Security Bill 2013 will be the largest programme of the world with the 130000 crore Rupees government support.
• The Bill would require a total of 62 million tonnes of foodgrains.
• The National Food Security Bill 2013 is said to be the first step towards universalisation of Public Distribution System.
• Under the Bill, all the pregnant women as well as lactating mothers would be given free meal during the pregnancy till six months post delivery.
• The pregnant women will also be given maternity benefit of 6000 Rupees in installments.
• Children till the age of 14 years will also be getting free meals under the National Food Security Bill 2013.
• In case there is non-supply of the foodgrains, all the states will be paying the food security allowance to the beneficiaries.
• The National Food Security Bill 2013 is said to be the biggest game changer in the upcoming elections of 2014.
• The scheme will be linked to the Aadhar scheme which provides every citizen with a unique identification number that's linked to a database that includes the biometrics of all card-holders.
What is Voice Vote in Indian Parliament?
The Voice Vote is the voting method which is used by the legislatures. In this method, the votes are taken on the motion or the topic by responding to it verbally.
Voice Vote is said to be the simplest as well as the fastest method of voting. This method is used by the deliberative assemblies. The Chair or the Presiding Officer puts the question in the assembly. First the ones in the favour of the motion or the topic are asked to indicate it verbally by yes or aye. Secondly, the ones against the motion are asked verbally to say No.
The Chair or the Presiding Officer then makes the estimated count of all the sides and the results are declared.