Independence Day 2021: 18 Laws and Rights must be known to every Indian

Independence Day 2021: On the occasion of Independence Day, we are providing some laws and rights which not only protect people's interests but also ease their daily life.
Updated: Aug 10, 2021 15:35 IST
Indian laws must be known to everyone
Indian laws must be known to everyone

Independence Day 2021:  Every year on 15 August Independence Day is celebrated in India with full enthusiasm. Indian Constitution has provided several rights to the people to protect their fundamental rights, but unfortunately, most people are not aware of their rights. 

The Indian public has many rights to protect their life, asset, and live dignified life. Some rights are provided in the different provisions of the Indian Constitution and subsequent laws. 

18 Laws and Rights must be known to every Indian

1. Motor Vehicle Act 1988, section -185, 202:- At the time of driving if your 100ml. blood contains more than 30mg. of alcohol then the police can arrest you without a warrant.

 

Motor Vehicle Act 1988

image source:India Today

2. Criminal Procedure Code, Section 46:- No woman cannot be arrested before 6 A.M. and after 6 P.M.

Criminal Procedure

image source:ABP News

3.  Indian Penal Code, 166 A:- A Police officer can’t refuse to lodge an FIR if he/she does so they could be jailed for up to 6 months to 1 year.

Independence Day 2021: History, Significance, Celebration, and Facts

 

Indian Penal Code

image source:India New Story

4. Indian Sarais Act, 1887:- Even any 5-star hotel can’t prohibit you from drinking potable water and using its washrooms.

5.  Motor Vehicle Act, 1988:- As per Section 129 of the Indian Motor Vehicle Act, wearing a helmet is a must for two-wheeler riders. Section 128 of this Motor Vehicle Act limits the maximum of two riders on the bikes.

This law also says that if the traffic police officer snatches the key from the car or motorcycle, it is illegal. You have the full right to launch a Legal proceeding against the officer.

Motor Vehicle

image source:Teekhi Mirchi

6.  Domestic Violence Act, 2005:- If a young boy and a girl want to live together in a “live-in relationship”, they can do so because it is not illegal. Even the newborn from this relationship is also a legal son or daughter and this newborn has the full right to the assets of his/her father.

 

live in relationship

image source:Fullonsms

7. Police Act, 1861:- A police officer is always on duty whether he/she wearing a uniform or not. If a person makes a complaint to the officer, he/she could not say that he can’t help the victim because he/ she is not on duty.

 

Police Act 1861

image source:GazabPost

8. Maternity Benefit Act, 1961:- No company can fire a pregnant woman. It may be punishable by a maximum of 3 years of imprisonment.

If the company (Government or private) has more than 10 employees then the pregnant women employee is eligible to get 84 days paid maternity leave.

 

Maternity Benefit

image source:hinditips.com

9. Income Tax Act, 1961:-  In the case of tax violations, the tax collection officer has the power to arrest you but before arresting you, he/she will have to send a notice to you. Only Tax Commissioner decides how long you will stay in the custody.

 

Income Tax

image source:moneyexcel.com

10.  Hindu Marriage Act, Section -13: As per the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (any husband or wife) may apply for divorce in the court on the basis of Adultery (physical relationship outside of marriage), physical and mental abuse, impotency, to leave home without information, to change Hindu religion and adopt other religion, insanity, incurable disease and no information about husband or wife for seven-year.

 

Indian Wedding

image source:WeddingDoers.com

11. Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973:- Only women police constable can arrest women.  Male constable doesn’t have the right to arrest women. Women have the right to deny going to police stations after the 6 P.M. and before the 6 A.M.

In the case of a serious crime only after receipt of the written order from the magistrate, a male policeman can arrest a woman.

Interesting Facts about Supreme Court of India

12. As per the Citizen Charter (Indian Oil Corporation website):- There are very few people who know that if their gas cylinder blasts during the cooking of food then the gas agency is liable to pay Rs. 50 lakh to the victim as compensation.

To claim this compensation consumers need to lodge an FIR to the nearest police station and submit it to the concerned gas agency.

 

As per the Citizen Charter

image source:Naidunia

13.  Automotive (Amendment) Bill, 2016,:- If you are fined for a crime (like riding without a helmet or any other reason) then you will not be fined for the same reason on the same day.

14. Maximum Retail Price Act, 2014:- Any Shop keeper can’t charge more than the printed price of any commodity but a consumer has the right to bargain for less than the printed price of a commodity.

 

Maximum Retail Price

image source:Beijing Review

15. Limitation Act, 1963:-  If your office does not pay you then you have the power to file an FIR against it within 3 years. But if you report after 3 years, you will not get anything for the due.

16.  Section 294 of the Indian Penal Code:- If you are found involved in “obscene activity" at a public place, you can be imprisoned for 3 months. But in the absence of an exact definition of obscene activity police have always misused this act.

17Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956:- If somebody belongs to the Hindu religion and has a son or grandson then he can’t adopt a second child.

There must be a gap of at least 21 years between you (the adopter) and your adopted son.

 

Chidl Adoption

image source:authorSTREAM              

18.  Delhi Rent Control Act, 1958, Section 14:- If you are living in Delhi then your landlord does not have the right to forcefully vacate your house without giving prior notice to you.

List of major labour laws in India: A Brief Introduction

Happy Independence Day 2021: Wishes, WhatsApp Messages, Quotes, Slogan, Images & SMS

FAQ

What is Police Act, 1861?

A police officer is always on duty whether he/she wearing a uniform or not. If a person makes a complaint to the officer, he/she could not say that he can’t help the victim because he/ she is not on duty.

What is the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988?

As per Section 129 of the Indian Motor Vehicle Act, wearing a helmet is a must for two-wheeler riders. Section 128 of this Motor Vehicle Act limits the maximum of two riders on the bikes.
Get the latest General Knowledge and Current Affairs from all over India and world for all competitive exams.
Comment (2)

Post Comment

5 + 7 =
Post
Disclaimer: Comments will be moderated by Jagranjosh editorial team. Comments that are abusive, personal, incendiary or irrelevant will not be published. Please use a genuine email ID and provide your name, to avoid rejection.
  • sumitMar 20, 2022
    i cannot understand that law at number six why is property only of father and not of mother and in the law which is at second last why is the law only for son and why is daughter not mentioned her
    Reply
  • AJAY SHARMAJun 3, 2021
    very informative article
    Reply