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19 Laws and Rights must be known to every Indian

06-FEB-2017 13:30

    Indian Constitution has provided so many rights to the people to protect their fundamental rights but unfortunately most of the people are not aware of their rights. So in this article we have mentioned such laws and the rights which not only protect their interests but also ease their daily life.

    19 Laws and Rights must be known to every Indian

    1. At the time of driving if your 100ml. blood contains more than 30mg. of alcohol then police can arrest you without a warrant.

    Motor Vehicle Act 1988, section -185 202

    Motor Vehicle Act 1988

    image source:India Today

    2. No woman cannot be arrested before 6 A.M. and after 6 P.M.

    Criminal Procedure Code, Section 46

    Criminal Procedure

    image source:ABP News

    3. A Police officer can’t refuse to lodge an FIR if he/she does so they could be jailed for up to 6 months to 1 year.

    Indian Penal Code, 166 A

    Indian Penal Code

    image source:India New Story

    4. Even any 5 star hotel can’t prohibit you from drinking potable water and using its washrooms.

    Indian Srius Act, 1887

    5. As per the Section 129 of the Indian Motor Vehicle Act, wearing the helmet is must for two wheeler riders. Section 128 of this Motor Vehicle Act limits maximum two riders on the bikes. This law also says that if the traffic police officer snatches the key from the car or motorcycle, it is illegal. You have the full right to launch a Legal proceeding against the officer.

    Motor Vehicle Act, 1988

    Motor Vehicle

    image source:Teekhi Mirchi

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    6. If a young boy and a girl want to live together in “live in relationship” ,they can do so because it is not illegal. Even the new born from this relationship is also a legal son or daughter and this new born have the full right in the assets of his/her father.

    Domestic Violence Act, 2005

    live in relationship

    image source:Fullonsms

    7. A police officer is always on duty whether he/she wearing a uniform or not. If a person makes a complaint to the officer, he/she could not say that he can’t help the victim because he/ she is not on the duty.

    Police Act, 1861

    Police Act 1861

    image source:GazabPost

    8. No company can fire a pregnant woman. It may be punishable by a maximum of 3 years of imprisonment..

    Maternity Benefit Act, 1961

    Maternity Benefit

    image source:hinditips.com

    9. In the case of tax violations, the tax collection officer has the power to arrest you but before arresting you, he/she will have to send a notice to you. Only Tax Commissioner decides that how long you will stay in the custody.

    Income Tax Act, 1961

    Income Tax

    image source:moneyexcel.com

    10. As per the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (any husband or wife) may apply for divorce in the court on the basis of Adultery (physical relationship outside of marriage), physical and mental abuse, impotency, to leave home without information, to change Hindu religion and adopt other religion, insanity, incurable disease and no information about husband or wife for seven year.

    Hindu Marriage Act, Section -13

    Indian Wedding

    image source:WeddingDoers.com

    11. Only women police constable can arrest to women.  Male constable doesn’t have the right to arrest women. Women have the right to deny going to police stations after the 6 P.M. and before the 6 A.M. In the case of a serious crime only after receipt of the written order from the magistrate a male policeman can arrest a woman.

    Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973

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    12. There are very few people who know that if their gas cylinder blasts during the cooking of food then the gas agency is liable to pay Rs. 50 lakh to the victim as a compensation. To claim this compensation consumer need to logde an FIR to the nearest police station and submit it to the concerned gas agency.

    As per the Citizen Charter (Indian Oil Corporation website)

    As per the Citizen Charter

    image source:Naidunia

    13. It would surprise you to know that if you take a gift from any company on the occasion of a festival, it falls into the category of bribery. You can also be sentenced to jail for this crime.

    Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA), 2010

    FCRA 2010

    image source:Pinterest

    14. If you are fined for a crime (like riding without a helmet or any other reason) then you will not be fined for the same reason in the same day.

    Automotive (Amendment) Bill, 2016,

    15. Any Shop keeper can’t charge more than the printed price of any commodity but a consumer has the right to bargain for less than the printed price of a commodity.

    Maximum Retail Price Act, 2014

    Maximum Retail Price

    image source:Beijing Review

    16. If your office does not pay you then you have the power to file an FIR against it within 3 years. But if you report after 3 years, you will not get anything for the due.

    Limitation Act, 1963

    17. If you are found involved in “obscene activity" at a public place, you can be imprisoned for 3 months. But in the absence of exact definition of obscene activity police has always misused this act.

    Section 294 of the Indian Penal Code

    18. If somebody belongs to Hindu religion and  have a son or grandson then he can’t adopt a second child.

    There must be a gap of at least 21 years between you (the adopter) and your adopted son.

    Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956

    Chidl Adoption

    image source:authorSTREAM              

    19. If you are living in Delhi then your land lord does not have the right to forcefully vacate your house without giving prior notice to you.

    Delhi Rent Control Act, 1958, Section 14

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