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List of Administrative and Agrarian Terms used in Sultanate Period

Mar 20, 2017 17:42 IST

The nature of state during the Sultanate period was militaristic and aristocratic, and also existence of Theocracy, i.e. the head of state was also the religious heard. In other word, the state was Islamic. This meant that the sultans did not allow any open violation of the Islamic law, but Muslim divines were not allowed to dictate the policy of the state because the Sultan was a perfect autocrat unchecked by any restrictions and his word was law. The real source of the sultan’s authority was military strength. He was the chief commander of forces, chief lawgiver and the final court of appeal.

Agriculture, trade and commerce were the chief sources of economy. This is the only reason sultans promoted technological assistance like Persian wheel or Shakiya was introduced into wells for carrying out water. Firuz Shah Tughlaq constructed a large number of canals. Here, we are giving the list of Administrative and Agrarian Terms used in Sultanate Period, which is very useful study material for the academic purposes as well as for those who are preparing for the competitive exams.

 Delhi Sultanate

List of Administrative and Agrarian Terms used in Sultanate Period

Administrative and Agrarian Terms

 Meaning

Alai Tanka

Tanks of Alauddin Khilji

Alamatha-i-Sultanate

Insignia of royalty

Amil

Revenue officer

Amir

Commander: The third highest official grade

Amir-i-dad

Officer-in-charge of justice

Amir-i-akhur

Officer commanding the horses

Amir-i-hajib

Officer-in-charge of the royal Khalisa  court: (also called barbek in Turkish)

Amir-i-koh

Officer in-charge of agriculture

Ariz

Officer in-charge of the muster, equipment of the  soldiers and the horses

Arz-i- Mummalik

Minister in-charge of the army

Barbek

Officer in-charge of the royal court

Barid

Intelligence officer appointed by the state to collect information

Barid-i-Mumalik

Head of the state intelligence service

Dabir

Secretary

Dabir-i-Mumalik

Chief secretary

Dagh

Mark of branding on the horses

Diwan

Office: the central secretariat

Diwan-i-arz

Office of the ministry of war

Diwan-i-insha

Office of the chief secretary

Hukm-i-mushahida

Assessment (Of land revenue) by inspection only

Iqtadars

A person in whose charge an iqta has been placed

Jagir

A piece of land assigned to a government officer by the state

Jitals

Copper coins of the Delhi sultanate

Jeziyah

A personal and yearly tax on non-Muslims

Karkhana

Royal factory or enterprise; they were of two  kinds - ratbi, for looking after animals and ghair-ratbi for producing commodities required by the state

Khalisa

Land controlled directly by the king

Khidmati

Service dues

Khuts

Village headmen or revenue collector

Madad-i-mash

Grant of land or pension to religious or deserving persons

Majlis-i-khas

A meeting of the king and his high officers

Majlis-i-khilawat

A secret meeting of the king and his high officers

Malik naib

Regent of the kingdom; an officer, authorized to act on behalf of the king

Muhtasib

An officer appointed to maintain law and order village headman; literally the first or senior man

Muqta

Governor; person-in-charge of an iqta or a medieval province

Mustaufi-i-mamalakat

Accountant for the whole kingdom

Mustaufi-i-mamalik

Auditor, for the whole kingdom

Naib-i-arz

Minister of war; or his deputy

Naib-i-mamlakat

Regent or the king's representative for the whole kingdom, authorized to act on behalf of the king.

Diwan-i-Riyasat

Office of the minister of trade and commerce

Diwan-i-Mustakhraj

Office for collecting taxes

Doab

Land between the Jamuna and the Ganga

Fatwa

A verdict according to the Shashgani Shariat or religious law

Faujdar

Commander of army

Haqq-i-Shirb

Profits from canal irrigation

Hukm-i-masahat

Assessment of land revenue according to measurement

Chungi-i-Galla

Tax on grain

Amir-i-Tarab

Entertainment tax

Galla Bakshi, Kankut

System of collection of land revenue

Naib-i-mulk

Regent of the kingdom

Qazi-ul-Qazzat

The chief qazi

Sarai-Adl

Name given to Alauddin Khilji's market in Delhi for the sale of cloth and other specified commodities

Sashgani

A small silver coin equal to six jitals or copper coins

Shahna-i- mandi

Officer in-charge of the grain market

Sipahsalar

Commander

In the above list the terms which are used in Sultanate Period for the administrative and agrarian purposes that can be useful study material for the academic purposes as well as for those who are preparing for the competitive exams.

Architectural Development during Delhi Sultanate Era

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