Milk is primary source of nutrition’s including protein and lactose. Dairy farming is considered to be a whole environment of reciprocal relations and dependency, re-production and protection of social values. Hence, dairy farms typically consist of high producing dairy cows. Other species used in commercial dairy farming include goats, sheep, and camels. There are over 264 million dairy cows’ worldwide, producing nearly 600 million tonnes of milk every year. The global average for milk production is approximately 2,200 litres per cow. India is the largest producer of milk followed by the United States of America, China, Pakistan, Brazil etc.
Top 10 Countries By Milk Production
India’s economy is largely based on agriculture and animal husbandry in which milk production plays important role. It is also the largest buffalo milk producer in the world.
Cattle breeds found in the country: 37 cattle breed found in the country but out of these Sahiwal, Gir, Red Sindhi, Tharparkar and Rathi known for milking attributes. Milk Produced: 146.31 Million tonnes of Milk
Reason for the success of dairy Industry: Due to integrated co-operative system of milk collection, transportation, processing and distribution.
2. United States America
Milk is an important American economic good, not only because Americans drink a lot of milk and consume its by-products, but it is also a significant export. Milk became a bigger percentage of American farming during the Industrial Revolution and the various technological and educational improvements that accompanied that time. USA is the second largest cow milk producer in the world.
Cattle breeds found in the country: Holstein, Brown Swiss, Guernsey, Ayrshire, Jersey, Red and White, and Milking Shorthorn.
Milk Produced: 93.5 million tonnes
Milk Producing Regions: California, Wisconsin, Idaho, Pennsylvania, Texas and Minnesota
Reason for the success of dairy Industry: Technological advancements, large grazing field and centralization of American milk farming
The dairy industry in China is one the fastest developing sectors within the food and beverage industry. Dairy is now being seen as an essential element of a healthy diet for more and more Chinese consumers.
Milk Produced: 45 Million tonnes
Milk Producing Regions: Gansu, Qinghal, Sichuan, Shanxi, Jilin, Tibet, Yunnan, Chongging, Guizhou, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Hainan, Guangdong, Jiangxi, Fujian, Zhejiang, Anhui , Jiangsu and Shar
Livestock sector of Pakistan is only the economic engine for poverty alleviation.
Cattle breeds found in the country: Sahiwal, Cholistani, Red Sindhi, Achai, Bhagnari, Dajal, Dhanni, Gibrali, Kankraj, Lohani, Rojhan, and Thari.
Milk Produced: 42 million tonnes
Milk Producing Regions: Punjab and Sindh Province
The Brazil’s economy is based on the agriculture. Hence, eventually it became the world's largest exporter of coffee, soybeans, beef, sugarcane, and ethanol. Its dairy production systems are varied; they range from situations were two cows are pastured and milked by hand to large state-of-art free-stall and dry lot operations.
Cattle Breed in the country: Jersey and Holstein-Friesian
Milk Produced: 35.7 million tonnes
Milk Producing Regions: Minas Gerais, Rio Grande do Sul and Parana
Reason for the success of dairy Industry: Large landmass, coupled with large climatic and cultural variations. And also tropical and temperate pastures are used for year-round rotational grazing in most parts of Brazil.
Germany dairy industry is much organised and there is an Association of the German Dairy Industry represents the interests of and provides services for its members at the regional, national, European and international level.
Cattle breeds found in the country: Angeln Cattle, Gelbvieh, German Angus, German Black Pied Dairy, German Red Pied, Glan Cattle, Harzer Rotvieh, Hinterwald Cattle, Murnau-Werdenfels Cattle, and Vorderwald Cattle
Milk Produced: 29.34 million tonnes
Reason for the success of dairy Industry: Approximately 100 high-performing privately owned, cooperative and multinational companies.
Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one eighth of Earth's inhabited land area but unfortunately only small part of land is fit for human survival due to harsh climate with very low level of fertilisation and therefore slowly emptying the nutrient resources of the soil. The Country is moving towards dairy farming by incorporating new techniques and through genetically modified cattle breed. Milk is one of the main products of animal husbandry in the Russian Federation. It accounts for about 40 percent of the gross product of animal husbandry.
Cattle Breed in the country: Holstein-Friesian cattle
Milk Produced: 29 million tonnes
Milk Producing Regions: Moscow and St. Petersburg
Farming Industry is one of the important industry in France, it has achieved self-sufficient in food supplies- from cereals crops, to beef, pork and poultry to fruit and vegetables. Brittany is the number one region for livestock production in France. In 2008, the region produced 57% of the national tonnage of pork, 42% of the eggs, one third of poultry meat, one quarter of the veal meat and 21% of the milk volume.
Cattle Breed in the country: Montbéliarde, Abondance and Tarentaise
Milk Produced: 23.2 million tonnes
Milk Producing Regions: Brittany, Pays de Loire and Normandy
9. New Zealand
Milk is big business in New Zealand and it is New Zealand’s top export earner. There are 4.8 million dairy cows in New Zealand. That is more than the number of people living in New Zealand.
Milk Produced: 21.53 million tonnes
Milk Producing Regions: Waikato, Taranaki, Southland, Northland, Horowhenua, Manawatu and Westland.
Dairy products have an important role in the Turkish diet. Consumption level of liquid milk is very low; the most common form of milk consumption is yoghurt, followed by white cheese (feta type) and ayran, a liquid salted milk drink.
Milk Produced: 19 million tonnes
Reason for the success of dairy Industry: Dairy-processing industry received a considerable investment, and the number of modern milk processing plants has increased. Low milk productivity domestic breeds are replaced by high productivity culture breeds.