Career in Medicine

MBBS is an undergraduate degree or rather first professional degree in the domain of medical sciences. MBBS course aims to train students in the field of Medicine. On completion of MBBS, one becomes proficient and eligible to prescribe medicines to patients after diagnosing their health disorders. An MBBS aspirant is allowed to add prefix of Dr. in front of his/her name after completion of this degree.

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Eligibility Criteria for Admission in Medicine

Getting admission in medical colleges requires great determination and hard work. The profession demands not only professional commitment but a promise to save life of an aggrieved person. Hence, one must follow the admission process earnestly to pursue the degree. Let us take a look at the eligibility criteria and entrance exams to seek admission in medical courses.

Undergraduate course

Undergraduate course is known as M.B.B.S. (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery). An MBBS aspirant can apply for entrance exam after completion of 10+2 with minimum 55% marks and should also have Physics, Chemistry and Biology at 10+2 level.  

Post graduate course

In order to pursue M.D. (Doctor of Medicine), one needs to possess M.B.B.S. degree along with internship experience.

Doctoral Course

D.M: This is a doctorate degree awarded by many universities in US and is equivalent to a PhD degree. Doctors possessing M.D. degree are eligible to for this course.

Medicine Entrance Exam

The list of entrance exams for getting into Medicine profession is provided as under:


• AIPMT (All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Test)
• AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Science Entrance Test)
• JIPMER (Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research) Medical Entrance Test
• Christian Medical College Entrance Exam
• Banaras Hindu University Pre-Medical Test (BHU-PMT)
• Manipal University Admissions Test for Undergraduate Studies

Postgraduate Exams

• AIPGEE (All India Post Graduate Medical Entrance Examination)
• DUPGMET (Delhi University Post Graduate Medical Entrance Test)

Doctoral Course Exam


Courses in Medicine

Specialisation in core medical courses usually commence after completing 10+2 standard. Here is a list of courses that a medical degree aspirant can pursue to build a bright career:

Undergraduate Courses

After completing the undergraduate course in Medicine, a medical degree aspirant proudly earns title of ‘M.B.B.S Doctor’. M.B.B.S is an abbreviated form of Bachelor of Medicine. The duration of M.B.B.S course is 5 years within which one has to undergo training of six months to complete the degree program.

Postgraduate Courses

Post graduation in the domain of Medicine is titled as M.D. (Doctor of Medicine). It is a super specialisation in the Medicine domain and the duration of this course is three years.

Doctoral Course

After completion of M.D. degree, one can also choose to pursue higher studies to become D.M. which is equivalent to Ph.D. degree. The duration of doctoral course is 3-4 years or depending upon the time taken in completion of thesis, as per university guidelines.

What is Medicine all about?

MBBS is an undergraduate degree or rather first professional degree in the domain of medical sciences. MBBS course aims to train students in the field of Medicine. On completion of MBBS, one becomes proficient and eligible to prescribe medicines to patients after diagnosing their health disorders. An MBBS aspirant is allowed to add prefix of Dr. in front of his/her name after completion of this degree.

M.B.B.S aspirants specialise in Medicine domain and are known as Physicians. The job of a Physician is to diagnose the cause of illness. Thereafter, he/she prescribes course of treatment and apt medication to treat the ailing person. They specialise in studying the results of clinical tests. To become a doctor in Medicine, one must possess responsible attitude to handle and manage emotions of others. They should have a high IQ and EQ. For a doctor it is necessary to be humble and patient to treat illness of others.

Medicine Subjects and Syllabus

During the five year course, a medical course aspirant, specialising in Medicine, acquires knowledge about various domains. Some of them are mentioned as under:

Human Anatomy

This is the basic subject that one studies in Medicine. It deals with discipline of anatomy divided into macroscopic and microscopic anatomy of human body.


This branch of Medicine deals with chemical process that takes place within human body. Thereafter, it focuses to understand the impact of chemical processes on human organs.


This specialisation emphasises on injuries and diseases of your body's musculoskeletal system. An MBBS aspirant can later choose to pursue MD in this domain.


The focus area of this subject is to impart knowledge about x-rays, gamma rays, electron beams or protons to curtail the malice such as cancer cells in human body.


In this subject you will study about anatomy of Eye and how it functions. The subject digs deep into various diseases of eyes and how they can be treated.


To find out about total or partial loss of sensation with or without the loss of consciousness, anaesthesiology is the subject which you should read carefully.

Human Physiology

Be it mechanical, physical, bioelectrical, or biochemical functions, human physiology focuses on understanding their impact on humans.
There are many more subjects that are taught to medicine graduates, the ones enlisted above are a few among many sub-specialisations. A student who pursues higher studies i.e. M.D. can specialise in any of these niche.

Top Medicine Colleges in India

Healthcare has become one of the lifelines for prosperous growth of economy.  Amid this growth, medical colleges/institutes play a crucial role in shaping up excellent doctors that are ready to tackle challenges in the field of medicine.

Here is the list of top 10 medical colleges from where one can specialise in Medicine. The list has been compiled from NIRF ranking that was released by MHRD and is considered as a standard for Indian colleges.




All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

New Delhi


Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research



Christian Medical College

Vellore, Tamil Nadu


Kasturba Medical College

Manipal, Karnataka


King George`s Medical University

Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh


Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research



Banaras Hindu University

Uttar Pradesh


Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences

New Delhi


Aligarh Muslim University

Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh


Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute


Job Opportunities for Medicine

Medical profession offers a promising career growth path to the medical degree aspirants. Healthcare practitioners from medical domain have a wide scope of employment. Let us take a look at various job profiles and pay packages offered to them:

Job Profiles

• Junior doctors
• Doctors
• Physician
• Junior Surgeons
• Medical Professor or Lecturer
• Researcher
• Scientist

Salary after Medicine

Salary of an MBBS doctor is approximately 3-4 lakhs at the beginning of their career. As and when they start gaining experience and knowledge, salary shows an upward trend.  Doctors have a potential to earn decent salary especially when they are in their late career.

Career in Medicine

Be it private or government sector, an MBBS doctor has its own perks. Along with handsome pay package, one gains respect and acknowledgement for their skills. India is gradually progressing and giving special attention towards healthcare facilities. Services such as 'Air Dispensary' that is operated in helicopters; nation-wide immunisations programmes to uplift the health of rural masses; National Nutrition Mission (NNM) and many more developments in the nation require increased participation of doctors who are willing to work beyond the borders of hospitals.

So here is a list of fields and industry in which a Medicine doctor can choose to work:


These are the primary establishments where an ailing person reaches to see the doctor and get solution to their problem.

Pharmaceutical and Medical Companies

Researchers especially medicine doctors have potential to build bright career with medical companies. Firms such as Cipla, Ranbaxy, GlaxoSmithKline and many more invest millions of dollars to invent medicines to curb and prevent diseases.  

Medical Colleges

Teaching is another avenue where Medicine doctors can venture. This gives them an opportunity to share their existing knowledge base with budding doctors.

Biotechnology Companies

Biotechnology is the trend of the decade which requires increasing attention of medicine doctors. To crack the right formula of any experiment, medicine doctors are instrumental to make research successful.

Private Practice

After gaining years of experience in the field of medicine, one can also opt to open his/her private clinic. A seasoned doctor usually attracts his/her loyal clientele and people do not prefer switching to other doctor as getting right treatment is the aim of visiting doctor.

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