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MBA Logical Reasoning Questions & Answers – Syllogism Set-I

Jul 7, 2016 12:41 IST

    Directions (1-4): The following questions have a few statements followed by conclusion. Read the statements and logically select the conclusions that can follow the statements.

    1. Statements:

    I. Some Xs are Ys

    II. Some Ys are Zs

    III. No Z is A.

    Conclusions:

    I. No X is A

    II. Some Ys are not A

    III. Some X are Z

    a) Only I follows

    b) Only III follows

    c) Either I or II follows

    d)  Both I and II follows

    2. Statement:

    I. All AB are PQs

    II. Some PQs are XYs

    III. All XYs are MNs

    Conclusions:

    I. Some ABs are XYs

    II. Some MNs are PQs

    III. No AB is XY

    IV. All  PQs are ABs

    a) Only I follows

    b) I and II but III follows

    c) II and I or III follows

    d) All of them follow

    3. Statements:

    I. Some goats are sheeps.

    II. All sheeps are bikes.

    Conclusions:

    I. All bikes are sheeps.

    II. Some bikes are goats.

    a) Only I follows

    b) Only II follows

    c) Either I or II follows

    d) Both follow

    4. Statements:

    I. All greens are blues

    II. Some blues are reds

    Conclusions:

    I. Some blues are greens

    II. All greens are reds

    a) Only I follows

    b) Only II follows

    c) Either I or II follows

    d) Neither follows

    Directions for questions 5 and 8: In each of the following questions some statements are given. On basis of the statements determine which conclusion/s is/are true.

    5. Statements: Some pots are trees. Some trees are scooters. All cars are pots. Some scooters are pots.

    Conclusions:

    a) All trees are pots.

    b) Some pots are cars.

    c) No tree is car.

    d) No pot is car.

    6. Statements: All right are black. All black are boards. Some black are watches. No watch is right.

    Conclusions:

    a) Some right is watch.

    b) No black is watch.

    c) Some boards are right.

    d) No watches are black.

    7. Statements: Some bags are lights. Some doors are bags. All shirts are door. All cups are bag. No soup is cup. Some soups are lights.

    Conclusions:

    I. No soup is bag.

    II. No shirt is bag.

    III. All lights are soup is a possibility.

    IV. Some shirts are cup.

    a) Either I or II follows

    b) Only II follows

    c) Either I or III follows

    d) II and III follows.

    8. Statements: Some clothes are paper. All grey are clothes. Some pink are grey. No grey is white.

    Conclusions:

    I. No white is pink.

    II. Some pink is white.

    III. Some white are paper.

    a) Either I or II follows

    b) Only II follows

    c) Either I or III follows

    d) II and III follows.

    Directions (9 -10): In each question below are four statements followed by some conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements.

    9. Statement :  All shirts are white.

    Statement II :  Some white are pink.

    Statement III :  All pink are dresses.

    Statement IV :  Some dresses are clothes.

    Conclusion I : Some clothes are shirts.

    Conclusion II :  Some dresses are shirts.

    Conclusion III : Some dresses are white.

    Conclusion IV :  All dresses are pink.

    a) None follow

    b) Only II follow

    c) Only III follow

    d) Both II and III follow

    10. Statement I : Some pens are bats.

    Statement II : Some bats are boxes.

    Statement III : All boxes are pencils.

    Statement IV : No pencil is notebooks.

    Conclusion I : No pens are notebooks.

    Conclusion II : Some pencils are pens.

    Conclusion III : Some pencils are bats.

    Conclusion IV : No boxes are notebooks.

    a) None follow

    b) II and III follow

    c) Either I or III follow

    d) Both III and IV follow

    Answers: 

    Ques 1 Ques 2 Ques 3 Ques 4 Ques 5 Ques 6 Ques 7 Ques 8 Ques 9 Ques 10
    a c b a b c d a c d

    Explanation:

    In this section we would provide you the solutions to the above mentioned questions. These solutions are aimed at justifying the logic behind choosing an appropriate choice for that MCQ. Read the solutions carefully in order to under the concepts of SYLLOGISM clearly.

    Explanation (1):


    Explanation (2):


    Explanation (3):


    Explanation (4):


    Explanation (5):


    Explanation (6):


    Explanation (7):


    Explanation (8):


    Explanation (9):


    Conclusion I  : Some clothes are shirts.  (X)

    Conclusion II : Some dresses are shirts.  (X)

    Conclusion III : Some dresses are white.  (✓)

    Conclusion IV : All dresses are pink.     (X)

    Explanation (10):


    Conclusion I  : No pens are notebooks.  (X)

    Conclusion II : Some pencils are pens.  (X)

    Conclusion III  : Some pencils are bats.  (✓)

    Conclusion IV : No boxes are notebooks.  (✓)

    For practicing more exercises on Logical/Analytical Reasoning keep visiting jagranjosh.com

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