India being a democratic country, the political and administrative powers of the state are conferred over to the elected representatives, who have the right to manage them for specific period of time. But managing a country as vast and diverse as India, the government needs an administrative system that can function across the country and ensure implementation of policies and developmental schemes. For this specific function, the all-India services were formulated. Being a centralized permanent entity, the All India Services form the basic administrative system of India through which the government of the day can help devise and implement welfare policies, developmental schemes and ensure efficient functioning of government machinery at the grassroots. With important functions and responsibilities bestowed upon it, the all India Services hold true potential to change the face of the country.
What are All-India Services?
The All-India Services of Government of India are part of the Civil Services which makes the permanent bureaucracy of the country. Often considered to be the back bone of Indian administrative setup, the All India Services includes three components i.e., IAS (Indian Administrative Service), IPS (Indian Police Service) and IFoS Indian Forest Service. As the name suggests, all-India level services are rendered at national level with officers for these services being hired at by central government through UPSC examination. However, their postings can be allotted at both central as well as state government levels through different state level cadres.
Role of All India Services
All India Services have a vital role to play as far as development and welfare of Indian state is concerned. There are different ways in which these services and officers appointed under them can change the Indian society. This is what makes the All India Services one of the most coveted and sought after professions in public life. Below, we shall discuss, the opportunities that All India service officials have to change and shape a modern Indian society.
Understanding of problems at Grassroot level
All India Services like IAS, IPS and IFS are all deployed along the administrative chain, from the basic district level administration to the highest levels like cabinet secretaries and departmental heads. This ensures that any issues faced by the country are understood at the level of its origin with all facets, issues and problems being evaluated by taking into account the concerns of all parts and parties involved. The All India Service officers act as the eyes, ears and arms of the government and communicate the issues of public concerns to the highest levels.
Formulation of Effective Government Policies
The second important contribution from All India Level Services can be through drafting of effective government policies and schemes. Once any issue faced by the country is understood and evaluated in detail, the bureaucracy can formulate a policy that covers all the aspects associated with the problem. Policy formulated by incorporating views and demands of people from across the India are very unlikely to fail, considering that they promote the general good of the people and the welfare of the country as a whole.
Implementation of Governmental policies
The third and most important way in which All India Services can help shape a progressive Indian society, is by implementing governmental policies to resolve problems, conflicts or issues faced by the nation. Some of the policies that are formed at central or state government levels may need to be modified to suit the local problems and people. The All India Service officers also have power to do so by adopting an innovative approach in the implementation of policies.
Efficient & Clean Administration
Corruption is the biggest drawback and challenge faced by the bureaucracy in India, and All India Services are no exception to this. Being an administrative job profile, All India Service officers have to ensure that they provide efficient, clean and corruption free administration that is transparent. Clean administration will not only improve the efficiency of governmental machinery and get rid of corruption, but also gain trust and earn well being of the citizen of this country. The people will also respond positively to such administrative setup and contribute in betterment of the country in their own capacity.
There innumerable ways, in which the All India Services can influence, contribute and change the Indian society, listing all them down, is impossible. The presence of all India service officers from the grassroots level right up to the top echelons of the administration makes them the pioneers of positive change and effective administrations. However, the biggest contribution of the All India Services to this country can be in terms of being an inspirational figure or a motivational factor that encourages people of India to participate in the government machinery and to improve the administrative setup with their contribution.