Second Edition of Global Slavery Index was released on 17 November 2014 by the Walk Free Foundation. The index aims to end modern slavery in a generation.
The Index ranks 167 countries in terms of the percentage of a national population and the total number of people living in modern slavery – country by country, region by region.
In absolute terms, the index was topped by India followed by China, Pakistan, Uzbekistan and Russia. Index highlighted that estimated 35.8 million people are in modern slavery globally. Out of this, 61% people are living in top five countries.
The estimated prevalence of people in modern slavery has increased from 2013.
Highlights of the Index
• For 2014, the ten countries with the highest estimated prevalence of modern slavery by population are: Mauritania, Uzbekistan, Haiti, Qatar, India, Pakistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Syria and the Central African Republic.
• The ten countries with the largest estimated numbers of people in modern slavery are: India, China, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Russia, Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Indonesia, Bangladesh and Thailand. Taken together, these ten countries account for 71 percent of the total estimate of 35.8 million people living in modern slavery.
• The regions with the lowest estimates of people enslaved are Europe and North America. Iceland and Ireland have the lowest prevalence of modern slavery in the world. Scandinavian countries with comparatively low prevalence include Norway, Finland and Denmark.
• Canada has the lowest estimated prevalence in the Americas, and New Zealand, Taiwan and Australia have the smallest concentration of people enslaved in the Asia Pacific region.
• The governments that are taking the least action to end modern slavery are: North Korea, Iran, Syria, Eritrea, Central African Republic, Libya, Equatorial Guinea, Uzbekistan, Republic of the Congo, Iraq.
• The governments that are taking the most action to end modern slavery are: Netherlands, Sweden, United States, Australia, Switzerland, Ireland, Norway, United Kingdom, Georgia, Austria.
• The governments that should be doing more, given their wealth are: Hong Kong, Kuwait, Brunei, Singapore, Qatar.
Objectives of the index
The Index includes an analysis of government responses based on five objectives that every single country should seek to accomplish in order to eradicate modern slavery:
● Survivors are identified, supported to exit and remain out of modern slavery
● Criminal justice mechanisms to address modern slavery
● Coordination and accountability mechanisms for the central government are in place.
● Attitudes, social systems and institutions that enable modern slavery are addressed.
● Businesses and governments through their public procurement stop sourcing goods and services that use modern slavery.
About the index
The Index estimates the number of people in modern slavery in 167 countries. This year’s Index also includes an analysis of what governments are doing to eradicate modern slavery. The Index is the flagship report produced by the Walk Free Foundation, a global human rights organisation dedicated
to ending modern slavery.
The Walk Free Foundation was founded by Australian philanthropists, Andrew and Nicola Forrest.
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