Assam launched SaCReD Project to protect environment of Majuli Island
The Sustainable Action for Climate Resilient Development in Majuli (SaCReD, Majuli) project seeks to develop Majuli Island as India’s first carbon neutral district.
Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal launched the Sustainable Action for Climate Resilient Development in Majuli (SaCReD, Majuli) initiative to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the Majuli district.
The SaCReD, Majuli initiative was launched on 21 March 2017 to mark the International Day of Forests at a ceremony in Guwahati.
On this occasion, the Chief Minister also launched the ‘Forests are Lives’ campaign to underline the importance of Assam’s rich flora and fauna.
Features of SaCReD, Majuli
• The project seeks to reduce the impact of climate change in India’s first island district Majuli.
• The idea is to make Majuli as India’s first ever carbon neutral district by 2020.
• Initiatives related to climate change mitigation through forestry activities and biodiversity conservation are part of the initiative.
• SaCReD, Majuli is a part of the French Development Agency-assisted Assam Project on Forest and Biodiversity Conservation.
• To oversee the implementation of the project, a district level committee was set up under the chairmanship of Deputy Commissioner.
Key facts related to Majuli island
• Geographical features: Majuli Island is a riverine delta. It is a unique geographical occurrence and a result of the dynamics of the Brahmaputra river system.
• It is considered as the largest mid river delta system in the world. It also comprises of many islets locally called as chaporis.
• Its area has shrunk from about 1250 square kilometers in 1891 to about 515 square kilometers due to the erosion of riverbanks.
• Cultural significance: It is the abode of the Assam’s neo-Vaisnavite culture since the 15th century.
• At present, there are a total of 30 Sattras or Vaishnavite monasteries that include the Dakhinpat Satra. It was established in 1584 AD.
• Each Sattra, represents, within its region, a centre for cultural activities and functions as a democratic institution to settle local disputes.
• Most of the villages associate with respective Sattra and the villagers partake in the activities of their own Sattra during festivals and occasions.
• Flora and fauna: It is a hot spot for flora and fauna and harbours many rare and endangered avifauna species including migratory birds.
• Among the birds seen here are - greater adjutant stork, pelican, Siberian crane and the whistling teal.
• Agriculture: Paddy, mustard, potato, pulses, sugarcane, wheat are the main crops cultivated in Majuli.
• Various seasonal vegetables and fruits like orange, banana, pineapple and jackfruit are also grown in abundant quantity.
• Recognition: In March 2011, the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) of the Union Ministry of Culture proposed to nominate the island for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage list.