The genetic secrets of some of the most abundant and diverse forms of life on Earth have been uncovered by scientists in the third week of July 2013. Scientists recently sequenced the genomes of 201 microbes so that they could know the role these tiny, single-celled organisms play in our environment. It will help the scientists in drawing up a more detailed version of the microbial family tree.
Microbes are found almost everywhere. They can survive in the most hostile places on Earth. They can be found in the deepest depths of the ocean and in the driest parts of the deserts, deep inside ocean and the polar rice. According to scientific estimate, there are many millions of species. The majority of microbes are difficult to grow. Therefore, studying them becomes difficult.
Scientists took advantage of new genetic technology which allows a genome to be sequenced from a single cell and revealed the genetic code of 201 different microbes without growing them in the lab. The genomes will also help scientists in studying the biological features that allow microbes to survive in places where all other living beings survive.
Who: The scientists.
When: Third week of July 2013.