India on 22 January 2016 submitted its first Biennial Update Report (BUR) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The report was submitted towards fulfilment of the reporting obligation under the Convention. As per the provisions of the Convention, countries need to periodically provide information in the form of their National Communication.
Highlights of the Biennial Update Report (BUR)
• BUR contains national GHG inventory of India for the year 2010, prepared in accordance with the guidelines of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
• The inventory covers six greenhouse gases- Carbon dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), Nitrous Oxide (N2O), Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6).
• The inventory contains five categories namely- energy, industrial processes and product use (IPPU), agriculture, waste and Land-use, Land-use, Change and Forestry (LULUCF).
• As per BUR, India emitted 2136.84 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent greenhouse gases in 2010.
• Energy sector was the prime contributor to emissions and with 71 percent of total emissions in 2010.
• Industrial processes and product use contributed 8 percent; agriculture and waste sectors contributed 18 percent and 3 percent respectively to the national GHG inventory.
• About 12 percent of emissions were offset by carbon sink action of forests and croplands, considering which the national GHG emissions are arrived at a total of 1884.31 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent.
• India’s per capita GHG emission in 2010 was 1.56 tCO2 equivalent, which is less than one- third of the world’s per capita emissions and far below than many developed and developing countries.
• A reduction of emission intensity of GDP by about 12 percent between 2005 and 2010 has been achieved against our voluntary pledge to reduce the emission intensity of its GDP by 20–25 percent by 2020.
• At the national level, 137 and at state level 286 policies and measures relevant to climate change have been mapped in the report on non-exhaustive basis.
The Biennial Update Report (BUR) has been prepared by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change under its NATCOM project funded by Global Environment Facility (GEF) through United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
The UNFCCC in its sixteenth session of conference of Parties (COP) had decided that the developing countries will submit updates to their national communication on biennial basis in the form of Biennial Update Report.
The scope of a BUR is to provide an update to the latest National Communication submitted by the country to the UNFCCC. As per the rules of UNFCCC, BURs are subjected to an international process known as International Consultation and Analysis (ICA).
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