India and Pakistan on 10 July 2015 were accepted as the full members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), a six-member regional grouping, including China and Russia. India that has had on the observer status of the group for past 10 years will become a full member of SCO by 2016.
The membership will help India to have an access to the energy resources of Central Asia.
Now the full membership status of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) will require approval by the six existing members (China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan) unanimously passing a resolution to the effect. Russia was the main backer of India’s full membership of the security grouping.
Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) or Shanghai Pact is an intergovernmental organization founded in Shanghai on 15 June 2001 by six countries, People’s Republic of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. The main objectives of the SCO are to
(i) Strengthen relations among member states
(ii) Promote cooperation in political affairs, economics and trade, scientific-technical, cultural, and educational spheres as well as in energy, transportation, tourism, and environmental protection
(iii) Safeguard regional peace, security, and stability
(iv) Create a democratic, equitable international political and economic order. With assistance from the Asian
Development Bank and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, SCO members have developed an intergovernmental agreement on facilitating international road transport.
In 1996, it was found as Shanghai V but was renamed as SCO after inclusion of Uzbekistan in 2001 in the group.
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Who: India and Pakistan
When: 10 July 2015