The Odisha Government recently decided to launch a new malaria control programme, DAMAN, in remote tribal-dominated areas.
Odisha has 62 types of tribes including 13 primitive tribes that constitute 22.3 per cent of the state's population. The population is under the high risk of malaria infection.
The annual expenditure for the programme will be Rs 24 crore from the state budget. The drive aims at supplementing the routine malaria control activities and fill the gaps in case finding and treatment among the high risk population of inaccessible villages of high endemic areas.
Key highlights of the programme
- DAMAN stands for Durgama Anchalare Malaria Nirakaran (Malaria Control in Inaccessible Areas).
- It will be implemented in 8000 villages of all 79 blocks of eight high malaria endemic southern districts. These districts are Koraput, Malkangiri, Kalahandi, Rayagada, Nabarangapur, Nuapada, Kandhamal and Gajapati.
- The programme incorporates mass screening for malaria with treatment of positive cases along with intensified supervision, mosquito control measures and regular health education activities throughout the year.
- The drive will continue for five years with a total expenditure of Rs 120 crore. The State Government has already sanctioned Rs 10 crore to start the programme.
- Around 80 lakh high-risk population will benefit from the programme.
Present condition in Odisha
- As on 30 October 2016, around 69 persons died of malaria in Odisha, which is highest in India.
- As on 30 October 2016, total 3.71 lakh people tested positive for malaria, which is also highest for any state in India.
- The districts covered in the programme contributed around 60 per cent cases and 56 per cent death to the state malaria burden in 2015-2016.
- The state contributes around 38 per cent of the reported malaria cases and 28 per cent of deaths to the country's total burden.