World Wildlife Fund (WWF) on 30 September 2014 released the Living Planet Report 2014. The theme of the report is Species and Spaces, People and Places.
The report provides the data compiled on over 10000 vertebrate species populations from 1970 to 2010 through the Living Planet Index - a database maintained by the Zoological Society of London.
The report also includes WWF’s One Plant Perspective with strategies to preserve, produce and consume more wisely.
Main Highlights of the Report
- Creatures across land, rivers and the seas has decimated due to human activities like killing for food in unsustainable numbers and polluting or destroying their habitants.
- Populations of fish, birds, mammals, amphibians and reptiles have declined by 52 percent since 1970
- Freshwater species have declined by 76 percent. The decline is an average loss that's nearly twice as that of land and saltwater marine species.
- It says that human consumption of natural resources at the present rate would require 1.5 Earths to produce the resources necessary to support our current demand
- It also highlighted the differences in consumption and biodiversity loss between nations and regions. It stated that the low-income countries have the smallest footprint but suffer the greatest ecosystem losses
- The wildlife decline was worst in the tropics with a 56 percent drop as compared temperate regions that faced the drop by 36 percent
- Latin America suffered the most drastic losses with an overall decline of 83 percent
- It highlights the terrible situations for local populations due to increasing water scarcity mainly in countries like India, Australia and the United States that has highest water footprint of production and contains 8 of the top 10 most populous river basins
- The report finds that humans are cutting timber much more quickly than trees regrow, pumping freshwater faster than groundwater restocks, and releasing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere faster than nature can sequester it.
- The 10 countries with the largest per capita Ecological Footprints are: Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Denmark, Belgium, Trinidad and Tobago, Singapore, United States of America, Bahrain and Sweden.
About Living Planet Report 2014
The Living Planet Report 2014 is the tenth edition of WWF’s biennial flagship publication. The partners of the Living Planet Report are Zoological Society of London, Global Footprint Network and Water Footprint Network.
The report's measure of humanity's Ecological Footprint is provided by the Global Footprint Network.