Lima Call for Climate Action issued on 14 December 2014 put the world on track to new universal climate agreement.
The Lima Accord was issued at the conclusion of the 20th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) and the 10th session of Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP) held in Lima, Peru 1 December 2014 to 14 December 2014.
The member nations participating at the Lima Climate Conference for the first time agreed that nations, large and small, developed and developing each will make pledges aimed at cutting global greenhouse gas emissions.
The President of 20th COP was Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, the Minister of the Environment of Peru and more than 190 nations participated at the Lima Climate Conference. The Indian side was represented by Prakash Javadekar, Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
Main highlights of the Lima Call for Climate Action
- Principle of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC): It will form the foundation for climate action post 2020 when the new agreement is set to come into effect.
- Pledges towards Green Climate Fund: As part of this, pledges were made to the Green Climate Fund in Lima by the governments of Norway, Australia, Belgium, Peru, Colombia and Austria--the pledges brought the total sum pledged to the Green Climate Fund to close to 10.2 billion US dollar. In a further boost to the adaptation ambitions of developing countries, Germany made a pledge of 55 million Euros to the Adaptation Fund. China also announced 10 million US Dollar for South-South cooperation and mentioned they would double it till 2015.
- Nazca Climate Action Portal: The portal was launched as part of Lima Climate Action Agenda by the Government of Peru with support from the UNFCCC. The portal is designed to inject additional momentum into the process through to Paris by demonstrating the wealth of non-state action.
- Forests and the Lima Information Hub for REDD +: The portal named the was announced by the COP President to provide an information hub on the UNFCCC web site, spotlighting actions by countries carrying out REDD+ activities.
- Lima Ministerial Declaration on Education and Awareness-raising: It is aimed at developing education strategies that incorporate the issue of climate change while also raising awareness on climate change in the design and implementation of national development and climate change strategies.
- Lima-Paris Action Agenda: The governments of Peru and France launched to catalyze action on climate change, to further increase ambition before 2020 and support the 2015 agreement. Building on the UN Climate Summit in September 2014, the agenda is designed to galvanize national, city and private sector action.
- Multilateral Assessment: A new process launched that saw several industrialized countries submitting themselves to questioning about their emissions targets. This will increase the levels of transparency and confidence-building. The launch of this process marks an historic milestone in the implementation of the Measurement, Reporting and Verification of emission reductions under the UNFCCC
- Lima Work Programme on Gender: The programme aims to advance gender balance and to promote gender sensitivity in developing and implementing climate policy.
- UNFCCC’s Technology Mechanism: It was further strengthened through the consideration of a link to the Green Climate Fund and the UNFCCC Finance mechanism.
- Kyoto Protocol Doha Amendment: Nauru and Tuvalu submitted their instrument of acceptance to the Doha amendment, bringing the number of Parties to 21. 144 Parties need to accept it to bring it into force.
- Lima Adaptation Knowledge initiative: It is a pilot project in the Andes under the Nairobi Work Programme which underlines that adaptive needs of the communities can be successfully established.
- National Adaptation Plans (NAPs): It will now be made more visible via the UNFCCC website which should improve the opportunity for receiving backing. The President of 20th COP, Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, launched a NAP Global Network involving Peru, the US, Germany, the Philippines, Togo, the UK, Jamaica, and Japan.
The Lima accord will serve as an outline text for 21st CoP scheduled to be held in December 2015 in Paris, where world leaders are expected to finalize and sign an international climate deal. The U.N. has targeted 2015 for such a deal, which would then go into effect in 2020.