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List of Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Sites in India

21-NOV-2017 11:44
    List of Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Sites in India

    The Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) was started by Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) for the purpose of creating public awareness and safeguarding the World agricultural heritage sites. There are three regions of India, which has been recognised as the Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) cities in India: Koraput, Odisha State; Kashmir Valley, Pampore region; and Kuttanad. Here, we are giving the list of Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Sites in India and why these regions are chosen by FAO as GIAHS for general awareness.

    List of Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Sites in India

    Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Sites

    Reason for Recognition as GIAHS Sites

    Koraput, Odisha State

    1. Region has rich biodiversity

    2. Best suited region for growing varieties of crops like paddy, millets, pulses, oilseeds, vegetables.

    3. Losing the richness of biodiversity due to shifting cultivation and deforestation.

    4. Burden of large family size on small land holding size and all these happens due to illiteracy.

    5. Approx. 84% of the population are in extreme poverty, absolute poverty, destitution, or penury.

     

    Kashmir Valley, Pampore region

    1. Also known as a Saffron Heritage Site of Kashmir in India.

    2. Best suited region for growing varieties of crops like Grains such as maize, rice, rajmah/lentils, fruit and vegetable crops and pulses.

    3. Popularly used a set of unique low-tillage traditional agricultural practices.

    4. Region is also best suited for Agra-forestry and this practice are prevalent in a fallow period for growing fruit, fodder and mulberry trees along the farm boundaries.

    5. Region is agricultural management practices for growing productivity.

    6. Efforts from the younger generation to appreciate and conserve heritage

    Kuttanad

    1. It is a delta region of about 900 km2 in the west coast of Kerala.

    2. It only places in India where rice is cultivated below sea level (Backwater paddy cultivation (Kayal cultivation).

    3. People have a unique system of agricultural techniques that contributed to the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services including several livelihood services for local communities.

    In the above list of Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Sites in India will enhance the general knowledge of the readers.

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