The per capita availability of water at national level has turned down rapidly, from 1986 cu m to 1731 cu m in 1998 and 2005 respectively, making India treacherously close to the doorsill of 1700 cu m & being affirmed as a water paucity region of the World.
Of our estimation, some 350 million hectare meter yearly renewable water resources, around 160 million hectare meter find their way back to the sea as river run. Conversely, over 29 % of the blocks in India are in the class of over exploited areas of ground water use. Nearly 60 % of the blocks in Punjab & 40 % of the blocks in Haryana have turned “dark” & over subjugated - the heartland of green revolution.
Whereas the North Zone has already developed 87 % of its ground water, the East Zone has over 70 % of its groundwater fallow for irrigation purposes. Therefore, larger investments in irrigation should be done in East Zone. In doing so, the shortcomings of irrigation development should be evaded. Such a budge will be a move towards comprehensive growth, as East Zone has lofty concentration of the poor people.
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