Qutb-ud-Din Mubarak Shah Khilji

Qutb-ud-din Mubarak Shah Khilji was the child of Ala-ud-din Khilji. He escaped from the hands of Malik Kafur's, and turned into the third Sultan of Delhi. He was the 3rd and the last ruler of Khilji Dynasty. Mubarak Shah started his rule well. He cancelled the brutal regulations of his father and restored the appropriate grounds to their proprietors and abolished his father's arrangement of value control. In 1320, he was killed by one of his reliable person Khusro Khan.
Created On: Aug 25, 2015 15:11 IST
Modified On: Sep 3, 2015 17:37 IST

Qutb-ud-din Mubarak Shah Khilji was the child of Ala-ud-din Khilji. He escaped from the hands of Malik Kafur's, and turned into the third Sultan and the last ruler of Khilji Dynasty. Qutb-ud-din, at 18 years old, was initially selected official to his younger six-year-old sibling who was the ruler. Within of two months, Qutb-ud-din blinded his sibling and raised the throne. He started his theory by discharging a large number of detainees and abolishing all duties and punishments forced by his dad. Qutb-ud-din was the weakest leader of the administration. In 1320, he was killed by one of his reliable person Khusro Khan.

His Death:

Under Mubarak, the administration of Delhi was very insecure. The Sultan left the behaviour of the State issues in the hands of Khusro Khan who in 1320, killed Mubarak Shah and grabbed the throne.

Successor of Qutb-ud-din Mubarak Shah:

  • After his passing, Khusro Khan accepted the title of Nasir-ud-din Khusro Khan. He manhandled his power in the most improper way. Khusro was defeated and overthrown by Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq, in 1320.
  • In the time of Ala-ud-Din itself, Malik Kafur put this child on the throne and he transformed into the authority. Khizr Khan and Shadi Khan were blinded.
  • Mubark Khan, the third offspring of Ala-ud-Din, who was then around seventeen or eighteen years of age, was kept and Malik Kafur sent his people to take out his eyes. Mubarak defeated these people and killed Malik Kafur. After the death of Malik Kafur, Mubarak was assigned authority for Shihab-ud-Din Umar.
  • After around two months, Mubarak removed and blinded Shihab-ud-Din Umar and put himself on the throne. This happened on 1st April, 1316. Mubarak took up the title of Qutb-ud-Din Mubarak Shah.

His Rule

  • He attempted to win the goodwill of the people. All prisoners were released. Each and every merciless regulation of his father was scratched off.
  • Those nobles, who had been exiled by his father, were called back.
  • The territories which were taken were returned to their proprietors. Costs were cut down.
  • Shockingly, the delayed consequence of loosening up of controls was that there was a fall in the moral standards of the country and powers. Mubarak Shah furthermore joined the nobles in drinking and glad making.
  • He went under the effect of Hassan who was at first a shepherd however was raised to the position of Prime Minister and given the title of Khusro.
  • Walk to Deccan: There was disobedience in Gujarat. The pioneer of Devagiri got the chance to be self-governing. Ain-ul-Mulk Multani was sent to Gujarat and he was productive in putting down the insubordination and Zafar Khan was named its Governor. In 1317, Mubarak Shah himself went to Devagiri to conquer it. Harapala Deva, the pioneer of Devagiri, fled from his capital. 

Decline of Mubarak Shah

An interest was hatched to murder Mubarak Shah and put an offspring of Khizr Khan on the throne. A cousin of Mubarak Shah Asad-ud-Din double crossed him. Mubarak Shah came to know of the involvement and put him to death. Without a doubt, even Khizr Khan, Shadi Khan and Shihab-ud-Din were executed. Mubarak Shah married Deval Devi, dame of Khizr Khan.

The achievement of Mubarak Shah in the Deccan turned over to his head. He himself put all his vitality in the association of women and comedians.

Mubarak Shah showered favours on Khusro and his assistants. He was given various notification against the blueprints of Khusro anyway he declined to listen to them.

He allowed Khusro to have an alternate mounted power. Khusro was allowed to live inside the imperial living arrangement. His relations and friendlies were allowed to enter the regal living arrangement. A trap was delivered by Khusro to dispose of Mubarak Shah and on the night of 14 April, 1320, the troops of Khusro entered the regal living arrangement and cleave down the renowned gatekeepers. Khusro himself detained Mubarak Shah by the hair and Jaharia, one of his disciples, injured him to death. The head of Mubarak Shah was cut off and hurled into the porch.

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