For the aspirants of Civil Services, it is very important to choose such readings which are more informative as well as less exhaustive to study. The textbooks provided by NCERT are of such kind which contains a complete package of any stream. Such textbooks are very important for the aspirants who are engaged in preparing for various competitive exams. The aspirants always faces challenges to completed their given syllabus of respective exams, so, NCERT textbooks have been proved as a better tools for the preparation competitive Exams.
Section I: Events and Processes
Chapter I: THE FRENCH REVOLUTION
In Section I, you will read about the French Revolution, the Russian Revolution, and the rise of Nazism. In different ways all these events were important in the making of the modern world.
Chapter II: SOCIALISM IN EUROPE AND THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION
In the previous chapter you read about the powerful ideas of freedom and equality that circulated in Europe after the French Revolution. The French Revolution opened up the possibility of creating a dramatic change in the way in which society was structured.
Chapter III: NAZISM AND THE RISE OF HITLER
In the spring of 1945, a little eleven-year-old German boy called Helmuth was lying in bed when he overheard his parents discussing something in serious tones. His father, a prominent physician, deliberated with his wife whether the time had come to kill the entire family, or if he should commit suicide alone.
Section II: Livelihoods, Economies and Societies
Chapter IV: FOREST SOCIETY AND COLONIALISM
Take a quick look around your school and home and identify all the things that come from forests: the paper in the book you are reading, desks and tables, doors and windows, the dyes that colour your clothes, spices in your food, the cellophane wrapper of your toffee, tendu leaf in bidis, gum, honey, coffee, tea and rubber. Do not miss out the oil in chocolates, which comes from sal seeds, the tannin used to convert skins and hides into leather, or the herbs and roots used for medicinal purposes.
Chapter V: PASTORALISTS IN THE MODERN WORLD
In this chapter you will read about nomadic pastoralists. Nomads are people who do not live in one place but move from one area to another to earn their living. In many parts of India we can see nomadic pastoralists on the move with their herds of goats and sheep, or camels and cattle.
Chapter VI: PEASANTS AND FARMERS
In the previous two chapters you read about pastures and forests, and about those who depended on these resources. You learnt about shifting cultivators, pastoral groups and tribals. You saw how access to forests and pastures was regulated by modern governments, and how these restrictions and controls affected the lives of those who used these resources.
Section III: Everyday Life, Culture and Politics
Chapter VII: HISTORY AND SPORT: THE STORY OF CRICKET
Section III will introduce you to the history of everyday life. In this section you will read about the history of sports and clothing. History is not just about the dramatic events in the world. It is equally about the small things in our lives. Everything around us has a history ñ the clothes we wear, the food we eat, the music we hear, the medicines we use, the literature we read, the games we play.
Chapter VIII: CLOTHING: A SOCIAL HISTORY
It is easy to forget that there is a history to the clothes we wear. All societies observe certain rules, some of them quite strict, about the way in which men, women and children should dress, or how different social classes and groups should present themselves. These norms come to define the identity of people, the way they see themselves, the way they want others to see them.