NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Hornbill Textbook (Prose) - Chapter 4: Landscape of the Soul

In this article, check NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Hornbill textbook. Solutions of Chapter 4: Landscape of the Soul

Created On: Aug 31, 2020 16:38 IST
NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Hornbill Textbook (Prose) - Chapter 4: Landscape of the Soul

Get Class 11th NCERT Solutions for Chapter 4 from the English Hornbill Textbook. Chapter 4 is a tale about the eighth-century painter Wu Daozi.  The NCERT solutions of this chapter have been provided after a detailed analysis of the latest syllabus issued by CBSE. Students of Class 11th can study the answers provided here to score well in their school exams.

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NCERT Solutions for Class 11 English Hornbill Textbook (Prose) - Chapter 4

Ques: Notice these expressions in the text. Infer their meaning from the context.

anecdote

delicate realism

figurative painting

illusionistic likeness

conceptual space

Answer: anecdote: From the text, the meaning of anecdote can be inferred as a short account of a particular incident or event, especially of an interesting or exciting nature.

delicate realism: It refers to the alluring quality of the art which makes it seem real. It is an interest in or concern for the actual or real as opposed to abstract.

illusionistic likeness: It refers to an adjective of the technique of using pictorial methods in order to deceive the eye. The reference is to an illusion created by the semblance of something.

figurative painting: A figurative painting refers to the metaphoric representation of a piece of art, through the eyes of the creator’s imagination.

conceptual space: It refers to relationships with the abstract than the factual representation. This is the incalculable dimension of the understanding of concepts.

Ques: Find out the correlates of Yin and Yang in other cultures.

Answer: A model answer has been provided for students' reference. However, any other point of view supported by an argument or an explanation would also solve the purpose.

It is strongly recommended that students prepare the answer on their own.

The opposition and combination of the universe’s two basic principles of Yin and Yang is a large part of the Taoist religion. Some of the common associations with Yang and Yin, respectively are male and female, light and dark, active and passive, motion and stillness. The Yin and Yang symbol, in actuality, has very little to do with Western dualism; instead, it represents the philosophy of balance, where two opposites co-exist in harmony and are able to transmute into each other.

In the philosophy of science, dualism refers to the dichotomy between the “subject” and the “object”.

In Vedanta philosophy, Dvaita proposes dualism in consciousness and matter, recognizing the difference between Jiva (subordinate soul) and Ishvara (supreme God).

In Samakya’s philosophy, there is a clear distinction between self (spirit/consciousness) called Purusha and Matter/Nature called Prakriti.

Ques: (i) Contrast the Chinese view of art with the European view, with examples.

(ii) Explain the concept of shanshui.

 The Chinese view of art The European view of art Enhances the essence of inner life and spirit. This art wants you to enter the artist’s mind to explore new dimensions on a spiritual and conceptual space Illustrates a perfect, illusionistic likeness in Europe. Figurative painting which chooses to use a single viewpoint.

(ii) Shanshui, meaning “mountain-water”, refers to a style of Chinese painting that involves natural landscapes, the landscape which is an inner one, a spiritual and conceptual space. It represents the two complementary poles (`yin’ and `young’) reflecting the Daoist view of the universe.

Ques: “The Emperor may rule over the territory he has conquered, but only the artist knows the way within.”

Answer: This sentence explains the fact that even though an Emperor might rule an entire kingdom and have power over his conquered territory, only an artist would be able to go beyond any material appearance. He knows both the path and the method of the mysterious work of the universe. The true meaning of his work can be seen only by means known to him, irrespective of how powerful an emperor is.

Ques: What is the language spoken in Flanders?

Answer: The only official language in Flanders is Dutch.

Ques: (i) What do you understand by the terms `outsider art’ and `art brut’ or `raw art’?

(ii) Who was the “untutored genius who created a paradise” and what is the nature of his contribution to art?

Answer: (i) The term `outsider art’ was coined by art critic Roger Cardinal in 1972 as an English synonym for `art brut’ or `raw art’, a label created by French artist Jean Dubuffet. It refers to art created outside the boundaries of culture. It is an art by the untutored geniuses who have received no formal training and have no right to be called artists. These artists are never institutionalized because of their unconventional ideas. They illustrate elaborate fantasy worlds.

(ii) The “untutored genius” who created “paradise” was Nek Chand, an 80- year old creator-director who made the world-famous rock garden at Chandigarh. His was an ‘outsider art’ in which he sculpted with stone and recycled materials. He used anything and everything from tin to a sink to a broken down car to form an artistic piece. One of his famous creations are ‘Women by the Waterfall’.

Ques: “The landscape is an inner one, a spiritual and conceptual space.”

Answer: This phrase explains Chinese art from where a Chinese painter wants you to enter his mind rather than borrow his eyes. This is a physical as well as mental participation. It is a landscape created by the artist to travel up and down, and back again, through the viewer’s eyes. The landscape is not `real’ and can be reached from any point.